Proceeded by neolithic (new stone age c. 6500 bc) Copper and tin are found in di erent places in greece. Early prominence of islands due to metal deposits, trade network resulted in the high point of cycladic cultural sophistication. Centre of aegean culture shifts from cyclades to crete. Non-greeks who develop sophistication civilizations - important in uence on. Centralization: linear a (not decoded but used mainly for administrative purposes) Presence of linear b which were later deciphered. Volcanic eruption dated c. 1628 ; cannot say this caused the collapse of the minoans. Rule by mainland greeks (mycenaeans from mainland; they replace minoans as most in uential civilization in aegean. New bronze age culture springs up suddenly on mainland greece, resulting from intermarrying of linguistic greeks with indigenous population. Rich, war-like people with many weapons who have extensive contact with other cultures. No palaces or large scale architecture until after 1400 bc. Tholos tombs replace shaft graves as royal tomb.