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Lecture 2

EDPS 410 Lecture 2: The Best Interests of The Child


Department
Education - Policy Studies
Course Code
EDPS410
Professor
Michelle Hawks
Lecture
2

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EDPS410:TheBestInterestsofaChild  1
January13thand15th2015
ThinkingaboutRights
● Arightistheabilitytorequiretheperformanceofaspecificduty.Moreexactly,the
claimthatapersonhasarightmeans,first,thatotherpersonsoragencieshavesome
definitedutyand,second,thatthepersonwiththerightcanrequiretheperformanceof
thisduty.Forexample,yourrighttofreespeechmeans:(1)thatotherpersonshaveduties
nottointerferewithyouwhenyouarespeaking,and(2)thatiftheydointerfere,youcan
requirethattheystop.~Carmichael(2009).Liberalism.InJ.Brodie&S.Rein,Critical
concepts:Anintroductiontopolitics[4thedition].Pp.4344
● Rightsprotectyourfreedoms
● ZeroSumGame:winorlose,oneortheother,balancingscale
○ McGilvery:parentsloserightsinorderforchildrentogainrights
● NonZeroSumGame:overlapofwin/win
○ Alotofparentalrightsalignwithchildren’srights
● ConventionontheRightsoftheChild
○ Naturalrights,humanrights,moralrights
○ “allsocietiesmustrecognizeandrespecttheserightsbecausetheyareowedto
peopleashumanbeings”Carmichael(2009).Liberalism.InJ.Brodie&S.Rein,
Criticalconcepts:AnIntroductiontoPolitics[4thedition].Pp.4344
● MatureMinorDoctrine
○ AlbertaChildWelfareAct:childrenover12havecertainrights
RightsofRefugeeChildren
● Refugee:forciblydisplaced,oftenrunningawayforsafety
○ flightbecauseoffearofpersecution,unwilling/unabletoseekprotectionoftheir
country 
○ Factorstoforcedmigration:earlyglobalization,colonization,industrialization
andnationformationbasedonethnoculturaldisplacement;neoliberal
ideologies,absencesofdiscussiononpower;internalturmoil(weaponsindustry);
environmentalrefugees
● Compassionisveryimportant
● Significantnegativeattitudeinmainstreamregardingrefugees
● Attheendof2013therewere51.2millionrefugees,and32,500peoplewereforcibly
removedfromtheirhomeseachday(onaveragein2013)18,000morethan2012.
○ 50%werechildren
○ fewerthan100,000refugeesareresettledglobally(only0.19%)
○ Takes17yearstoberesettledfromarefugeecamp
● RefugeesinCanada
○ Refugeesaretreatedassounimportantthatwedon’tevenhavecorrectstatistics
○ 25%ofrefugeeswhocometoCanadaareunder18
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