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HIST261 (46)

Feb 24th 2014.docx

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University of Alberta
Eric Strikwerda

Feb 24 2014 The CND Wheat Board EST in July 31 1919, the CND Wheat Board (hereafter CND WB) was meant to ease the transition from war to peacetime economy, and was popular with farmers. During this period much of the industrial world slipped back into the same recession that was occurring before the war. The CND WB was meant to be a temporary thing but was so popular with small farming families that dominated the prairies that it remained until it was removed in the 21st century by the Harper Regime. The CND WB had a monopoly on the sale of CND domestic and export crop and export flour. They received all CND producers wheat at fixed advance or initial payment and disbursed additional funds secured from sales on interim and final payments Producers got 2.15$/bushel plus 'participation certificates', howeverAmericans were trading at 2.25/bushel. But by using the participation certificates given to them by the CND WB CND’s were able to get an additional 40₵ in May, 30₵ in July and 18₵ in Oct. totaling for 2.63$/bushel. This is possible because the CND WB was able to hold wheat off the market thus driving the prices up. This was really good for the family farm but not for the corporate farms which was why it was removed in the Harper Regime. THE PROGRESSIVES The main grievances of the farmers were still high tariffs, grain dealers, and the CPR charging freights rates that were too high in addition to rumours that they were colluding with elevator operators who were mixing the wheat with dust and what not to reduce its values on the world market. American immigrants from the midwest and Trans -Mississippi region started coming into western CND around the end of the war and they brought with them new political ideas that hadAmerican bents. They also brought farmers organizations, the idea that as a class in society farmers deserve more respect than they get because they work with the earth. They also brought in Third Party Protest, Direct Legislation (where a number of citizens not in government write up some legislation and try to get it passed), the Grain Growers Association, and the idea of the referendum. Also during this time a large number of British immigrants were coming to the prairies and when their British ideologies met withAmerican ideals this created as distinct prairie ideology. They brought with them a socialist tradition of working towards the good for all, the vocabulary of grievances, and the idea of combining working class interests and farmer interests. Henry Wise Wood and Group Government Henry Wise Wood was anAmerican who wanted to radically transform how legislation and the House of Commons worked by doing away with the traditional two party traditions and instead have a Group Government. There each section of society would be represented in the legislature based on occupation. THE PROGRESSIVES - THE WEST Some Western CND people get together and decide that since neither the Liberals nor the Conservatives are serving their interests any more that they should form a third party, the Progressive Party (hereafter PP). The PP different class and character from Central CND, and storm Ottawa in the 1921 elections. For various reasons they don’t really succeed. The people who supported the PP were angry about many
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