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HIST261ImmigrationandExclusion1900s.pdf

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Department
History
Course
HIST261
Professor
Margaret Rockwell
Semester
Winter

Description
HIST 261: Immigration and Exclusion in Canada (1900’s)                                                            1 Immigration and Exclusion in Canada: 1900’s February 24th 2014 Jade Peony ● Takes place in great depression ● Connections to Chinatown, Vancouver, and China ● Shows us the hardships faced: racism, people lived in makeshift huts, could only have certain  jobs, could not work as professionals, only within chinatown, special area within hospitals for  Chinese, couldn’t vote, not made citizens till after the second world war, ● Identity: divided identity, Canadian Names, Chinese Names, wore special buttons to show they  were Chinese during Japanese Internment  Chinese Immigration to Canada Labours that did come could earn 10 to 20 times what they could in China, but couldn’t afford passage  back. Bones would be shipped back (Chinese didn’t feel welcome in Canada) ● eventually would have to pay head tax to reduce chinese immigration ($50→$100→$500) ● Came to “gold mountain”, people had known drought and famine, promised to work for a while  to pay their passage Chinese Exclusion Act: 1923 to 1947 ● Ensured bachelor community would not be able to bring family over ○ could not go back either ● Tong Associations: provided support for older men who were alone, mutual aid societies,  people relied on support of community  Vancouver Riot of 1907 ● Chinese and Japanese business were badly damaged, much of chinatown was destroyed.  ● Politicians argued that Asian people were too docile and disorganized to be anything more than  temporary workers First World War saw a decline in immigration, w
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