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Lecture 5

HIST296 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Second Battle Of El Alamein

2 pages101 viewsFall 2014

Department
History
Course Code
HIST296
Professor
Srdja Pavlovic
Lecture
5

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HIST296:TheDesertWar 1
September19thto22nd
SupplieswerepracticallyimportantduringthefightinginNorthernAfricaandtheMiddleEast
● TheBritishwouldpushtheGermansback,thenrunlowonsuppliesandbepushedback.The
reversewouldhappentotheGermans
Ronald&Montgomery
● RonaldwasaGermancommander,whichwasconsideredverybold
● MontgomerywasaBritishcommander,whowasconsideredverycautious
● MontgomeryknewthatRonaldpreferredtogoaroundandhookback,becauseofagreat
depressioninthedesert,hecouldn’tdothat.Montgomerypreparedaminefieldandorganized
histroops,hisleadershipcausedtheBritishtopushthegermansback
● Sept.7th1942:Allfightingintheareahadended
● Followingthis,Montgomeryrealizedtheyneedbettermachines,betterleadershipandbetter
tactics
○ ChurchillinsistedanearlierattackbemadeinMalta,butMontgomeryrefused.
● MontgomeryusedWWItactics,sincehisarmywasusedtothose.Hadafakeattackinthe
southsothattheBritishcouldattackinthewar.
○ Plannedtolosesome10,000menandhaveaweeklongbattle
OperationLightfoot:October23rd1942
● Troopsmovedinfromthenorth,fakeattackinsouth
● Startingatcoastandworkinginland
● Infantrywentinfirst,followedbyTanks.
○ Only2outofthe4Infantrydivisionsgotinduetoconfusion
○ Tankscouldnotgetintosupportthetroops
● Montgomerychangedtactics
○ BritishmovedinandattackedKidneyRidge
○ Twodayslater,Australiaattackedalongthenortherncoast.
● KidneyRidge
RonaldsentlargegroupstoattacktheBritishatKidneyRidge
○ KidneyRidgewasimportantbecausethearmycouldsetgunsintheridgeandaim
down.
● 4milesnorthofKidnerRidge,theaustralianstookontwogermandivisionstohelprelievethe
Britisharmy.
● MontgomeryplannedtopushtheGermansintothedesert→OperationSupercharge
OperationSupercharge
● November2nd1942:Australiansleadoffwiththeirnorthernattack
● NewZealandquicklyfollowed
● Thealliedforceslostmanytanks,bythe3rd,had35tanks
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