PHIL102 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Dream Argument, Omnipotence, Cartesian Doubt

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E. g. (cid:373)y (cid:271)elief that p de(cid:396)i(cid:448)es f(cid:396)o(cid:373) (cid:449)hat a (cid:272)lai(cid:396)(cid:448)oya(cid:374)t told (cid:373)e. it so happe(cid:374)s that p is t(cid:396)ue. I know that p if and only if. I have good reasons/ justification for believing p. What counts as good reasons/ justification seems dependent on context. In each context, what counts as good reasons depends on. A standard justification ( proof from axioms, beyond reasonable doubt) The less background knowledge can be presupposed, the harder it will be to find good reasons. Belief that p-> filter -> p is true/ p is false. For any p, accept it as true (totally permeable) For any p, reject it as false (totally impermeable) For any p, accept it as true if p agrees with your own opinions- otherwise reject it as false. For any p, accept p as true if p agrees with what most people believe. For any p, accept p as true if p agrees with the opinions of the authorities.

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