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Lecture

PERLS207 Lecture Notes - Autonomic Dysreflexia, Intracranial Hemorrhage, Low Birth Weight


Department
Physical Education, Recreation and Leisure Studies
Course Code
PERLS207
Professor
Joanna Clair

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NMES
Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation:
Generate muscle contractions for ppl who’ve lost voluntary muscle control
External electrical current applied to skin, produce muscle contraction
Stimulates many motor neurons simultaneously to contract many motor units
Pros:
Non-invasive
Easy to use
Health benefits similar to benefits of exercise, “Use it or lose it” principle
Maintain Muscle Quality
Cons:
Not everyone can use (Ppl with injuries below T12-L1 can’t use, nerve branches/motor
neuron cell body will die off)
Lack of recruitment specificity
High energy
Shave surfaces
Risks:
Burns
Bone Fractures
Incr. Spasticity
Infection
May trigger autonomic dysreflexia
-Grasping, Walking, Standing, Cycling, Rowing (Best exercise),
Cerebral Palsy (Cerebral ‘of the brain, Palsy ‘lack of muscle control’)
-Cerebral Palsy: Chronic(lifelong) neurological disorder of movement and posture
caused by lesion in immature brain (early pregnancy up to 3 years old)
non-progressive
severities can range
2-2.5/1000 births
Risk Factors for CP:
Prenatal: (70-80% of CP)
Abnormal placenta
Malformations of brain
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