RELIGIOUS STUDIES, LECTURE NOTES, OCTOBER 30 2012
- You have three major Christianities in Europe now:
Orthodox (East), Roman Catholic (South West), and
- COLONIALISM and the "discovery" of the Africa, India,
and N&S America brought Christianity around the world.
- you want the folks your country colonizes to take the
same religion of your country so England would be
sending Protestant missionaries to its colonies and
Spain would be sending Catholic missionaries to its
- Check out a movie called Black Robe, canadian movie
about early missionaries.
- Christianity became the dominant religion in many of
- At the same time as everyone in the colonies were
being converted, Europeans themselves were beginning to
be less religious during the ENLIGHTENMENT.
- ENLIGHTENMENT also allowed for more freedom of
religion as well now that some people were protestant
and some were catholic and that wasn't going to change,
people had to move beyond that.
SEPARATION OF CHURCH AND STATE since religion was
becoming more of a private matter and less a political position.
SOCIAL GOSPEL MOVEMENTS arose that focused on social
justice, welfare, healthcare, social safety net, etc.
ie. Tommy Douglas. Secular flavour to Christianity.
EVANGELICALISM & FUNDAMENTALISM - others took the
opposite approach to this secular flavouried social
gospel. These movements were very reactionary.
- Evangelical movement had a heavy protestant &
conservative bent toward personal salvation and the
inscrutability of the bible. Very outspoken about your
religion. "separate from the world"
- Fundamentalism grew out of Evangelicalism. You have
to DEFEND Evangelicalism, it must be IMPOSED on people.
ie. evangelicalism blesses their food in mcdonalds.
fundamentalism wants everyone to bless their food at
mcdonalds, imposes it.
- rejection of evolution, of women's rights, of
- heavy emphasis on the second coming of Jesus.
- pulling back from the separation of church and
- only around the time of the enlightenment did you
have something happening where you need the word
"RELIGION" because there began to be things that were
NOT religion (ie. politics, etc). This separation or
need for the word religion still hasn't taken hold in some parts of the world.
CATHOLICISM & VATICAN II
- Enlightenment ideals were largely Protestant but
Catholicism wasn't immune to these changes in world
view. They had to respond and adapt.
- aimed at dealing with these ideological oppositions
but also to revitalize the congregants since most
catholics were rather apathetic and bored.
● Mass in the vernacular, not just Latin.
● Stopped condemning non-Catholic religions to hell.
● Less centralized. Local diocese could more reflect
the mindset of the local parish/people.
● some were upset by the changes, many were upset
that more wasn't changed (like ordination of
● the upset people who broke away after vatican II
are called TRADITIONALIST CATHOLICS.
SACRAMENTS (CATHOLIC & *PROTESTANT):
1. BAPTISM* (full immersion or not)
2. EUCHARIST* (transubstantiation or not) 3. CONFESSION
6. ANOINTING OF THE SICK
- ritual death and resurrection or rebirth of a
- bread and wine/juice representing body and blood of
Christ. Most protestants don't believe in
- also called pentance or reconciliation
- in Catholicism you go to a priest, tell them what you
did wrong, and they offer you some form of absolution
you have execute (deeds, prayers, light some candles,
some more serious atonement. in the Middle Ages: self
flagulation). the priest isn't given you forgiveness,
you are being offered guidance to how God wants you to
- in Orthodox,