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Dr. Fairen - Religious Studies Theories and Methods 24

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Religious Studies
Glen Fairen

RELIGIOUS STUDIES 200 TALAL ASAD CRITIQUE OF CLIFFORD GEERTZ ABCDEFGHIJKLMNOPQRSTUVWXYZabcdefghijklmnopqurstuvwxyz1234567890œ∑´®† ¥¨ˆøπ“‘«åß∂ƒ©˙∆˚¬…æΩ≈ç√∫˜µ≤≥÷Œ∑´®†Á¨ˆØ∏“‘«ÅÍÎÏ©ÓÔ˚Ò…ÆΩ≈Ç√ı˜Â≤≥÷¡™£¢∞§¶•ªº–≠[email protected]#$%^&*()_+ Review of Geertz's ISLAM OBSERVED Tries to explain the different configurations of the same religion, Islam, in two different places: INDONESIA and MOROCCO. Islam became associated in both places with ideas of protest because in both places the leaders were non-islamic. So despite all the differences in morocco or indonesia, islam could be a common rallying point. Islam thus began to change. SCRIPTURALIST REVOLT - folks in morocco and indonesia, folks started to hear about how islam was practiced in arabia, where scripture was above everything. scripturalist islam claimed to be older, more pure. kickstarted a process of rallying around the koran like a totem, a symbol of independence to define themselves as not being part of the conquerors/rulers. This is a common sociological strategy for threatened groups: find a thing to rally around. - able to dictate what was suppoed to rea▯y be isla▯. Lost its regional character and differences. world view changes or the configuration of islam....based on the needs of the people...which changes the religious ideology. because of founders morocco: Islamic belief gave birth to holy warrior indonesia: islam was syncretistic nationalism changed islam in both for political reasons: gathering around the scriptures. WHAT GOES ON RELIGIOUSLY IS INFLUENCED BYTHE CULTURAL CONTEXT _______________ What gets to be religion? It can mean a lot of things. It almost means anything. Geertz offers a culturalist/ functionalist definition. He attempts to avoid the problem of being too broad by specifying a substantive thing: a topic type but without a content of the type. The symbols we say are religious that correspond with a cosmic import is not surprising. A particular mood of awe that pervades all vitality. A symbol can be anything culturally contingent, but a religious symbol is a symbol that is religious... how tautological. Geert
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