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Sept 17. SOC 100.pdf

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University of Alberta
James Paul Joosse

Sept 17Wednesday September 17 20141255 PMCULTURAL SUPPORT THEROIES DIFFERENTIAL ASSOCIATION THEORY Sutherlandsame learning process for deviance and conformity small intimate groups compliment ad criticises Merton not a decision made always on the level of the individualdecisions you make also have to do with who you are hanging out with same social mechanisms through which we learn to be good citizens are the same that enable us to be part of ex Kkkput a child in context with different kind of people they will socialized with them same learning processes occur no matter who you end up being in societyconformist or devianceDIFFERENTIAL ASSOCIATION THEORY Interactions influenced by FrequencyDuration Prioritypeople met early on in life are far more impactful and shape usIntensityincredibly meaningful interactions Intense Shaping and being shaped Casual and superficialPOWERFUL INDIVIDUALSpoliticiansscientists religious institutionsmediaComercial enterprise MORAL ENTRPRENEURS becker 1963 1 highlight a problem2 facilitate moral discussionSUBJECTIVISM its the label that countsSocial groups create deviance by making rules whose infraction creates deviance and by applying those rules to particular people and labelling them as outsiders From this point of viewdeviance is not a quality of the act the person commits but rather a consequences of the application by others of rules and sanctions to an offender The deviant is one to whom that label has been successfully applied deviant behavior is behavior that people so labelHOWARD BECKERDeviancy amplificationthe very act of trying to control deviance can make deviance more likely GOFFMAN STIGMA and SPOILT IDENTITYErving Goffman perhaps the most famous sociologist from Alberta was a very influential social theorist who was concerned about the interaction between the self and social expectationsdefined stigma asThe phenomenon whereby an individual with an attribute which is deeply discredited by hisher society is rejected as a result of the attribute Stigma is a process by which the reaction of others spoils normal identity Stigmasome marker on your right from the get gopoint of sight sets you apart and marks you as bad or untouchable Immediately recognize and takes away ability to be legitimate in a society LABELLING THEORYcontLemert 19510PRIMARY DEVIANCE occasional rule breaking SECONDARY DEVIANCE deviant lifestyle and identity embrace the role everyone expects badness of me and thinks of me this way anyways so fuck it ill be this way I am always pre judged anywaysPrimary deviance getting caught secondary deviancewhat happens when caught impacts engenders in them I am a bad person
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