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SOC224 (114)

April 2 - crimes of the powerless.doc

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Bryan Hogeveen

April 2 – Crimes of the Powerless 2 hours, 75 questions Half textbook and half lecture • Most often the marginalized are those who are being taken up by the popo • Sometimes the non marginalized also get taken up by the popo • A lot of marginalized people don't have the necessary resources to fight in court (ex. Lawyers) • A lot of marginalized kids don't have homes or parents to go home to. • In Canada, we figure the best way to deal with marginalized populations and teaching them how to behave is through the CJS • Most of those who are taken in by the police are the aboriginals Aboriginal Youth and Governance Govt reports and investigations suggest: • Aboriginals are 20% more likely to be charged when apprehended • More likely to be denied bail. Those who are denied bail and held in pre-trial detention are more likely to be found guilty and receive harsher sentences • To spend more time in pre-trial detention • To be charged with multiple offences (often for administrative violations). Aboriginals are more likely to get these type of charges because they don't mesh well with the lives of many aboriginal people • Part of the reason why they are charged is due to racism. • Sometimes its hard for people to do things like community service due to it being too far. This is an administrative violation. Violence • Aboriginal lives are often overburdened by violence • Aboriginal women are 3x more likely to be victims of domestic violence • The homicide rate for aboriginal people grossly exceeds that of other Canadians • Between 1997 and 2000, the aboriginal homicide rate was 7x that of non aboriginal peoples Why? • Why is it the case that violence disproportionately affects aboriginal peoples? How do systemic conditions become embedded in ontological being? • Drugs, alcohol, violence and homelessness present significant problems for aboriginal communities • Residential school officials forcibly removed aboriginal kids from their parents and cultural milieu for years at a time while they attempted to indoctrinate euro-canadian ideals Why “Aboriginal” Youth? • If we can agree that there is no crime gene, we must ask why aboriginals are overrepresented in the justice system • Population is much younger than the Canadian average • This growing group of young aboriginals is more likely to live in poverty • Recent years have witnessed a demographic shift involving aboriginal peoples of another kind • Tremendous implications and challenges for indigenous youth (how to cope with this new/emerging reality?) Aboriginal Youth and Young Offenders • Overrepresentation at all levels of the CJS: • Higher arrest rate
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