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Lecture 2

ANTH 1150 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Culture Shock, Hutterite, Subculture

Course Code
ANTH 1150
Tad Mc Ilwraith

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Chapter 2/Unit 2: The Nature of Culture
-All ppl in society have culture
The Concept of Culture
-Sir Edward Burnett Tylor (culture: that complex whole which includes knowledge, belief,
art, laws, morals, custom and any other capabilities and habits acquired by man as a
member of society)
- Today’s definition of culture: the shared ideals, values, and beliefs that ppl use to
interpret experience and generate behaviour and that are reflected by their behaviour
oDistinguish between actual behaviour and abstract values, beliefs and perceptions
that lie behind ppl’s behaviour
-Culture allows ppl to adapt to a range of environments/circumstances
oThrough cultural means (ex. technology and social relations) humans are able to
manipulate their environments, thus being able to inhabit more places (such as
space or the arctic)
oHuman’s beliefs and values, as well as their behaviour affect how they organize
their world
-Culture provides the means for producing/distributing goods for life
oBiological continuity (reproducing a culture’s members)
oTeaching kids to become functional adults
oMaintain order among members
oMaintain relations with those outside the culture
oEncourage members of the culture to find meaning in their own lives
-** culture must be able to change for it to remain functional!
-Human survival and expansion secured through culture
Characteristics of Culture
-Culture is shared
oCulture allows members of a culture to interpret the behaviour of other members
in that culture & to predict future behaviour
oculture shock: confusion, anxiety and hostility one experiences when living in an
unfamiliar culture (Kalervo Oberg in 1950s)
oAnthropologists in the field experience culture shock when first interacting within
the culture of study , as well as immigrants who struggle with assimilating into
their new culture and maintaining some ways of life of their old culture
oReverse culture shock: happens when (or others) returning to their native culture
must readjust to their home culture
o Society: a group of people who live in the same geographic region, speak the
same language, and are interdependent to a certain extent
Often a variety of cultures in a society and it is held together by a sense of
common identity (even if they are very diverse)
Multiculturalism: descriptor for a society, community, etc., made up of,
involving, or relating to several distinct racial or religious cultures
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