Strategies for Behaviour Change Week 1.doc

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Family Relations and Human Development
FRHD 3150
Michelle Preyde

Strategies for behaviour change Chapter 1&2 What is behaviour? • Human behaviour is highly complex • The way in which a person reacts to the environment • The way in which an organism works • Anything a person does or says • Any muscular, glandular, or electrical activity • Martin & Pear ▫ Covert behaviours or cognitive behaviours  Thoughts  Feelings ▫ Overt – “outside”, “visible”, “observable”  Dimensions of overt behaviour: Frequency, Intensity, Duration Products of Behaviour • It is important to separate ‘products of behaviour’ from ‘behaviour’ E.g., exercising is a behaviour losing weight is a product of behaviour Behavioural Labels • It is important to separate ‘behavioural labels’ from actual behaviours E.g., ‘hardworking’ is a behavioural label ‘depression’ is a behavioural label Examples: Clapping = Overt Riding a bike = Overt Being tired = Product Laughing = Responsive Yelling = Behaviour Angry = Covert Behavioural Assessment • Involves the collection and analysis of information and data in order to: ▫ Identify and describe target behaviours ▫ Identify possible causes of the behaviour (antecedents) ▫ Guide the selection of an appropriate behavioural treatment ▫ Evaluate the treatment outcome Behaviour Assessment and Modification as a Science • Define problem in terms of a behaviou
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