FRHD 3150 Lecture Notes - Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, The Techniques

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Published on 19 Apr 2013
University of Guelph
Family Relations and Human Development
FRHD 3150
Page 1 of 4
March 26, 2013 (chapters 27 and 28)
FRHD 3150
Video clip "overcoming an extreme phobia"
o Phobia= powerful or irrational fear
o More than 10% of US have a phobia of some kind
o Need determination and focus to get over a phobia
o Systematic desensitization
o Belief
o Thought
o Expectancy
o Attitude
o Perception
Purpose of cognitive therapy
o Helping a client overcome a difficulty (ie. Phobia) by learning to get ride of unproductive or
dysfunctional cognitions and replacing them with more healthy cognitions
o Cognitive restructuring
The process where people learn to replace dysfunctional cognitions with healthy
Reminder- behavioural modification
o The techniques applied to modify behaviour
o "thus, behaviour modification involves the systematic application of learning principles and
techniques to assess and improve individuals' covert and overt behaviours to enhance their
Dysfunctional thoughts
o Over-generalizing
Allowing an isolated negative event or experience colour how you feel about yourself or
things in general
o Catastrophizing (aka magnification)
Putting more emphasis/ value on negative events or experiences than reasonable
o Absolute terms
All-or-nothing thinking. When people say 'I never…' or 'I always…'
o Discounting success
Events or experiences that demonstrate your success, skill, competence, integrity, merit,
etc… are discounted
o Negative filter
Each day is filled with both good and bad events or experiences but you focus on the
bad ones
o Arbitrary inference
Drawing a conclusion without adequate evidence
Cognitive restructuring
o The first challenge is to help clients become aware of the unhealthy thoughts that they have
Unhealthy thoughts are often so automatic, and happen so quickly that we don't even
really notice them- we just notice the effect of them (guilt, depression, anxiety, etc…)
o How do we help clients become aware of their thoughts?
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