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HIST 3130 lecture 1.docx

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HIST 3130
Ashley Mathisen

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HIST 3010: Week 2 Lecture 2: Sept 10, 2013 England 1500-1688 (early modern era):  Moving away from past with the: o Printing revolution  1455, Gutenberg bible using printing press  Revolutionized press, it was faster and didn’t need to be done by hand anymore  Available to the masses and in other languages that it wasn’t before.  More people were able to access and read them  Aspect of printing press that reinforces the status quo  Could be used to spread literature of the people who ruled, ruling class  Still a barrier because poor could usually not read  Wasn’t the poor that were printing it, they did not have to access to equipment like this, it was usually those who could afford it that used it  Martin Luther and the Reformation: o Cleansing the church from within and restoring its purity o 1517 M.L 95 thesis o call for social reform as well o class based element, especially in Europe o 1533- English parliament, acts that would distance England from the church ( henry 8)  he wanted to be the pope and control the church  but his people were drifting towards Protestantism o Elizabethan settlement: tried to make the most people happy  Looked like a catholic church but had a more protestant theory  Elizabeth 1  Most people could live with this o Religious belief, and the reformation did not really end, but continued to make changes in the future o Reformation left England with a developing sense of English national identity The Wars on Religion:  the Reformation split Europe between Protestant and Catholic factions  recognition that the Catholic church did need to be cleared out from corruption  in England it was Catholicism that was being cleaned out but on the continent it was a lot of protestants that were being persecuted  this was solidified by the Catholic Reformation (or Counter-Reformation)  religious fervor led to violence, particularly in France, where the Wars of Religion raged from 1562 to 1598  the wars ended only when king Henri IV (r. 1589-1610) converted to Catholicism  he also issued the Edict of Nantes, providing protection for French Protestants, but many of the Huguenots migrated to England to avoid persecution in France Witchcraft:  height between 1550 and 1650  100, 000 were tried and about 60, 000 were executed  massive change in religion, sparking anxiety and fear  fears about change that happened from reformation and printing revolution, people were looking for a scapegoat  what ended it? o Debated o Had to do with the emergence of a more secular society o As people started to think more about social concerns and less about religious, people started to lose interest The Gun Powder Plot ( 1605):  Exacerbated the problems between the Catholics and protestants, but also brought to light a strong anti- Scottish sentiments  The article we read this week o The anti-scottish sentiment  When Elizabeth died, her cousin ruled, so they had a Scottish King
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