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Lecture 3

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Department
Political Science
Course
POLS 1400
Professor
Tamara Small
Semester
Fall

Description
POLS*1400  Prof. Mohan  Week Three Alice Dibley  The Executive, The Judiciary and the Constitution  Executive Power  ­ The Crown – the collectivity of executive powers exercised by or in the name of  the monarch  ­ Powers – head of state, head of corporations, court references; Governor General  is rep; names PM; Dissolves Parliament; gives royal assent  The Executive Heads of Government and Head of State ­ Head of State o Queen or…. o Queen’s Representative, Governor General  ­ Head of Government  o Prime Minister and Cabinet  Executive Power  ­ The Prime Minister  ­ Powers  o Cabinet Maker  o Chair of Cabinet Meetings  o Party leader o Chief policy maker  o Leading player in HofC o Chief Personnel Manager  The Prime Minister and the Cabinet  ­ Choosing a cabinet  o Who qualifies? o A Balancing Act   Provinces and regions   Factions   Language   Religion   Ethnicity   Gender  Governor General’s Role  ­ Crown and the Monarch  ­ Functions  o Ceremonial functions, for e.g. conferring the Order of Canada awards,  receiving troops. o Symbol of state o Advising the Prime Minister  Law and the Courts  ­ Law – A rule of conduct or procedure established by custom, agreement, or  authority  ­ Rule of Law – the principle that both the rules and the rulers are answerable to the  law  ­ Constitutional Law “Deals with the rules, practices and institutions which  constitute the state”  ­ Common Law – the rules
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