The bureaucracy is often referred to as the public service. Consists of permanent, expert staff that often give advice to the prime minister and ministers. Has both an advisory role and a role as public servants to provide services. Policy implementation of policies that have been established by the prime minister, cabinet and parliament. Quasi-legislative powers to make subordinate rules on its own. Seek out the views of the public and transmit the government"s response. Sources of self-interested demands or demands on behalf of their clientele. Formulate policies because this is usually beyond the grasp of politicians. Provide advice and find sources of expertise beyond the walls of the government. Once it has received political authorization, the bureaucracy makes decisions that constitute with quasi legislative outputs that involve negotiations with provinces or interest groups. The bureaucracy provides the services, does the regulating and performs other activities necessary to apply the law.