POLS 2250 Lecture Notes - Unfair Competition, United Kingdom Cabinet Committee, Standard Accounting Practice

29 views46 pages
4 Feb 2013
Course
Professor

For unlimited access to Class Notes, a Class+ subscription is required.

What is Public Administration? Week 1 Wednesday, 11
Public Administration
1. A field of practice (occupation)
2. Field of study (discipline)
Public Bureaucracy “system of authority, people, offices, and methods that
government uses to achieve its objectives”
Woodrow Wilson (1887) Firs to articulate the need for a science of administration
- “The study of administration”
- Administrative study required for 2 reasons:
o Discover what governments can properly do
Appropriate role of the state
o Determine how they can do these proper things with the utmost
efficiency and least possible cost
- Although it was written over a hundred years ago, it is still followed today
- Reasoning for the lack of attention to Public Administration
o At the time political thinkers were paying more attention to,
nature of the state, constitution
o Government business could become more business like
Was claiming we should incorporate business more into
political science and public administration
o “Harder to run a constitution, than have one”
Leonard White
- Administration is a single process
Public vs. Private Administration
- Similarities POSDCORB
o Plan
o Organization
o Staffing
o Direct activities
o Coordinate
o Produce reports
o Budget
- Differences
o 1. Public goods/interest vs. profit/ bottom line
o 2. Pubic Administration is “Less Efficient”
No Profit Motivation
No need to become more efficient in public services
Provision of unprofitable services
Political Considerations
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 46 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
Elections
Duration of the length and service
Cabinet solidarity
o We still have the cabinet as a collective
decision making body
Ministerial Interference
o Chiefs of staffs and aids that help carry out
work
o These people can give ‘demands’ public
servants which is a negative effect
The need for consistency in program delivery
Need to protect minister
Re-Election
o Governments tend to be self-interested
o Ministers only think 1, 2 or 4 years into the
future
Neutrality
o Public servants do not want to be one sided
towards one public party
o 3. Accountability is more complex in the public sector
In private business, accountability begins and ends with the
shareholder value
Greater degree of latitude
o 4. HR Constraints
o 5. Media Scrutiny
In the public eye, major dailys try to expose things like
environmental issues etc.
Much more difficult to operate in that type of environment
o 6. Persuasion and Direction
Different groups that want political parties to work in their
favor
Week 2 Wednesday, Jan 18
Conceptions of Bureaucracy
Bureaucracy and public bureaucracy used interchangeably
- Have become synonymous
Term coined in 1745 by Vincent De Gournay
- Used to be a negative term
o ‘Government by officials’ – people who rule countries have a form
of legitimacy
o 1800’s – a lot of positions here hereditary
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 46 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
Rest of bureaucrats were partisan
(slow and entirely self serving)
At the end of the day, you had a bunch of people who did
not know how to do their job because they attained it from
previous title
o Last 200 years (of 300) bureaucracy ‘modern era’
Many different positions
Used Pejoratively
7 Different Modern Concepts of bureaucracy (Martin Albrow)
1. As rational organization
a. VERY important of history, and organization of bureaucracy
b. On the Rational structure of the government, one “real way of doing
the task”
2. As organizational inefficiency
a. Everyone is lazy (a bunch of bosses), nothing gets done within the
government
3. As rule by officials
4. As public administration
a. Pro bureaucracy focused on doing what is right for the public, provide
advice to make society better
5. As administration by officials
6. As the organization
a. In and of itself, organization
b. Body of business (bureaucracy)
7. As modern society
a. Society has structure itself to mimic bureaucracy
- Negative connotations, but rational and efficient way or organizing
o People wish bureaucracy was adaptive but when it changes, they
wish it was stable
- Citizens First Initiative (1998)
o 200 quality service leader
o Survey for Canadians to find out what the problem with
bureaucracy is, and how it is changed over time
o Overall, citizens rate specific government services higher than the
private sector in general
o Government is highly complicated
Despite the understanding that the private is more difficult,
there was an expectation that the government should be
better at provided services
Classical Organization Theory
- Most influential in the 1920’s and 1930’s
- Concerned with Formal structure
- Rests on 4 Major Tenets
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 46 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class