1970s canada shared similar economic imperatives of uk and. New zealand: growth of power-war welfare state led to annual deficits & massive. 1979 conservative pm (joe clark) similar rhetoric to thatcher: suffered a no-confidence vote on his first budget and was forced out of office. 1980 trudeau returns to power no interest in npm. 1984 brian mulroney: very vocal about government waste and inefficiency, limited adoption of npm reforms. Ministerial task force on program review (nielson task. Modest savings through elimination of minor programs. Effort to renew the public service (1989) Chretien government: strategic implementation of npm-type reforms. Efforts to improve client satisfaction with government services (ie: quality service initiative, 1995) Leadership, action, renewal, energy, learning, expertise, values, experience. Rooted in npm paradigm: stresses the need for innovation, flexibility and delivery of those services, would rely on traditional forms of delivery crown corporation, government department or regulatory agency.