POLS 2300 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: John A. Macdonald, Party System, October Crisis

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Canadian democracy does not depend on the existence of political parties. Parties do not exist solely to campaign for office. Parties are not the shapeless, outdated, elite-driven organizations they are sometimes made out to be. A political party is a formal organization of politically minded citizens who unite under a common label and contest elections. Political parties have many roles: aggregating and articulating interests, selecting a leader and choosing candidates, running election campaigns, promoting a government agenda, coordinating a legislative agenda. Elite parties: closed cadres of the upper class - small political parties run by people with ascribed social status. Mass parties: emerged after wwi, grassroots political parties characterized by efforts to sig(cid:374) up (cid:373)e(cid:373)(cid:271)ers, (cid:272)are less a(cid:271)out the perso(cid:374)ality of the party"s leader tha(cid:374) the ideas that the leader espouses. Pure elite and mass parties phased out of canadian politics, remaining as historical (cid:862)ideal types(cid:863)

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