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Anxiety & Dissociative Disorders.docx

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University of Guelph
PSYC 1000
Anneke Olthof

Anxiety & Dissociative Disorders Anxiety Disorders •Frequency and intensity of anxiety is dependant on the situation •Anxiety interferes with daily life •There are five types of anxiety ➡ Generalized anxiety disorder • Emotional-cognitive symptoms ➡Worrying ➡Anxious feelings ➡Anxious anticipation interferes with concentration • Physical symptoms ➡Automatic arousal ➡Trembling and sweating Sleep disruption ➡ ➡Eating problems ➡ Panic disorder • Anxiety response occurs suddenly and is very intense ➡Many minutes of intense dread or terror ➡Chest pain, choking, numbness ➡A feeling of need to escape The person lives in fear of the next attack • • Changes their behaviour to prevent these attacks ➡ Phobias • Strong, irrational fears of objects or situations ➡Most develop during childhood, adolescence, or young adulthood • Uncontrollable desire to avoid the object of the phobia • Seldom go away on their own • Can intensify over time • Common phobias include: ➡Social phobias ➡Arachnophobia ➡Claustrophobia ➡ Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) Obsessions • ➡Cognitive component ➡Repetitive and unwelcome thoughts • Compulsions ➡Behavioural component ➡Repetitive behavioural response as as attempt to ease the anxiety from bad thoughts ➡ Post-traumatic stress disorder About 10-15% of people who experience trauma not only have burned-in memories, but • also four weeks to a lifetime of: ➡Repeated intrusive recall of those memories ➡Nightmares and other re-experiencing ➡Social withdrawal or phobic avoidance ➡Jumpy anxiety or hyper vigilance ➡Insomnia or sleep problems •Explanations from different perspectives: ➡ Freudian/psychodynamic perspective Argues that anxiety stems from repressed childhood impulses, social inappropriate • desires, and emotional conflicts • Although the issues are repressed in the unconscious, they still bubble to the surface, as anxiety ➡Classical Conditioning • Little Albert learned to fear a rabbit because he had been conditioned to associate the rabbit with a loud, scary noise • Sometimes such a conditioned response becomes overgeneralized ➡ Feel fear to stimuli that resemble a rabbit ➡ Results in a phobia or a generalized anxiety ➡Operant Conditioning • When we encounter the source of anxiety we feel very uncomfortable
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