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Module 46.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 1000
Professor
Dan Meegan
Semester
Fall

Description
Stephanie Oliveira 1 Module 46: Pro-social Relation The Psychology of Attraction  Proximity—geographic nearness- is friendship’s more powerful predictor. o Because of the mere exposure effect: the phenomenon that repeated exposure to novel stimuli increases liking of them  Familiarity breeds liking  Physical attraction o Very important o Attractive people thought to be better—more successful and healthier. o Concept of attraction varies from era to era and from culture to culture. o Some are constant: women with youthful appearances are considered beautiful, men that look mature, dominant and affluent are appreciated. o Average= most attractive.  Similarity  We like those who like us o Reward theory of attraction: we will like those whose behaviour is rewarding to us. And will continue relationships that offer more rewards than costs. o When someone likes us, we feel good and respond to them warmly which leads them to like us even more. Online Matchmaking and Speed Dating  People who tend to lie about themselves  People disclose more info about themselves and their relationships were ore likely to last beyond two years  In speed dating: o Men are ore transparent with their interest o More options=more superficiality o Women are choosier (but this is not the case if they are the ones getting up and moving to a different spot) Passionate Love  An aroused state of intense positive absorption in another, usually present at the beginning of a love relationship  Key= arousal  When men are aroused by fear or physical activity, they think of women as more attractive  Explained by the two factor theory of emotion o Emotions have two ingredients –physical arousal and cognitive appraisal o Arousal from any source can enhance one emotion or another, depending on how we interpret and label the arousal. Companionate Love  The deep affectionate attachment we feel for those with whom our lives are intertwined  Hormones like testosterone, adrenaline are replaced by oxytocin, which supports feelings of trust, calmness and bonding.  Equity: a condition in which people receive from a relationship in proportion to what they give it.  Self-disclosure: revealing intimate aspects of oneself to others. Altruism  Unselfish regard for the welfare of others Bystander Intervention  Kitty Genovese’s murder cause social psychologists to pay much attention to this aspect o She was stabbed, screamed for help  windows opened, lights went on but no one called police or helped. o Murderer came back and stabbed her again and raped her before someone finally called the police.  Bystander effect: the tendency for any given bystander to be l
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