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Psych 2310 – Attraction and Intimacy – November 21.docx

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University of Guelph
PSYC 2310
Saba Safdar

Psych 2310 – Attraction and Intimacy – November 21, 2013  Facts about attraction o Basic facts  Physical proximity plays a large role in attraction and relationship formation  We like those who are physically attractive  We like those who are similar to us  Belief in religion, status, education, attitudes and many other dimensions  1. Classical Conditioning o Unconditioned Stimulus  Unconditioned Response o Conditioned Stimulus  No Response o Conditioned Stimulus + Unconditioned stimulus  Conditioned Response  Rings a bell dog does nothing  Pairing bell with food, dog salivates o Something that makes you happy (such as a nice meal) results in a pleasant feeling o This random girl happens to be at the restaurant every time you have a nice meal o Every time you experience the meal paired with the random girl enough times, you can get the pleasant feeling from seeing the girl  Empirical Evidence o Participants divided in 2 groups o Some participants sat in room temperature room o Some participants sat in a hot room o They had to rate someone else that they had info about o Some of the individuals that they read about were similar to participants o Some of the individuals that they read about were dissimilar to the participants o Then they had to decide who they liked o The results showed that we liked them more when we are siting in comfortable conditions (room temp), and that we disliked them more if we were in an uncomfortable situation  Conditioning and Attraction o Reinforcement theorists and the three facts regarding attraction  Proximity increases the chances of classical conditioning  Classical conditioning is less likely to happen if you are not close to the person (proximity)  It is pleasant to look at attractive people. We associate the pleasant feeling with the attractive person, and we associate the good feeling we experience when we look at the attractive person, TO the person.  Similar people confirm our view. That makes us feel good and those feelings become associated with the person  2. Social Norms o There are 2 different sets of rules that govern giving and receiving benefits in relationships o Exchange relationships  When you have people who are acquaintances, or people you work with  Whatever benefits you give, you expect to get back o Communal Relationships  With people we love, children, parents, lover  Benefits are given in response to the others needs or to demonstrate special concern/affection for the other  Empirical Evidence o Clark and Mills study  Male participants worked on a word task creating words from letter tiles  Attractive confederate in another room  Participants were given a cover story to create either communal exchange relationship expectancy  After task was completed, participants were asked to transfer their extra letter tiles to the woman  The woman either transferred her credits or thanked the participant  Under what condition do the participants like the woman more?  Participants rated how much they like the woman, and the results showed that under communal relationship, participants liked the woman if she said thank you. If you want a relationship with someone you don’t expect them to pay you back immediately  When participants were told she was married, they liked her more when she transferred the credit  Social norms approach o Social norms approach and three facts regarding at
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