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2. Self Across Culture (Jan 14).pdf

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University of Guelph
PSYC 2310
Saba Safdar

Tuesday, January 14, 2013▯ PSYC*2310▯ Self Across Culture▯ Chapter 3▯ - - culture can help define the self▯ rationality changes from culture to culture▯ - relativistic approach▯ ▯ Definition of Culture▯ - culture comprises (1) the human made part of the environment and (2) the social institutions of the society such as norms, rules, and laws (Herskovits, 1955)▯ - where is culture?▯ - culture is in the heads of its members (Triandis, 1994)▯ - values and norms shift through generations▯ ▯ Culture Imposes a Set of Values▯ - culture shapes our experiences▯ - “In some cultures, I would be considered normal” (Bumper sticker, Tulsa, Oklahoma, 2006)▯ - ecology shapes cultures▯ - culture influences behaviour ~ what creates culture?▯ - resources in the area (learn from this way of life)▯ - example: living in a high fishing area, an area with a dependance on agriculture▯ - ecology —-> culture —-> social behaviour▯ ▯ Sameness versus Difference▯ - there are universal behaviours and experiences▯ - sympathy, empathy, communication▯ - recognizable basic emotions across cultures▯ - there are cultural differences in practicing social behaviours and interpreting experiences▯ - example: religion, food, marriage, etc. ▯ - 80% of Indians believe it is unacceptable to have children before marriage, Iceland- less than 5%▯ - humans are more similar to one another than different (Brown, 1991)▯ - our task: identify what makes us different, make sure the similarities are not just bias▯ ▯ Who Am I?▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ self concept▯ interdependent self independent self▯ (related to social groups)▯ ▯ ▯ (more related to yourself)▯ ▯ Self: Starting with Anecdotes▯ - In America: “The squeaky wheel gets the grease”▯ - In Japan: “The nail that stands out gets pounded down”▯ - one valuing the difference and the other emphasizing fitting in▯ ▯ Self: More Anecdotes▯ - “it is good to know the truth, but better to speak to the palm trees” ~ Arab proverb▯ - “Say what you mean and mean what you say” ~ American proverb▯ ▯ Investigation of Personal Ads▯ - “28 SWM, 6’ 1”, 160 lbs, handsome, artistic, ambitious, se
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