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13. Crowd Behaviour (Feb 27).pdf

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PSYC 2310
Saba Safdar

PSYC*2310▯ Thursday, February 27, 2014▯ Crowd Behaviour▯ Chapter 10 (p. 320-332)▯ ▯ -he History of Crowd▯ Gustav le Bon (1896)▯ - observed masses of people from his balcony▯ - crowd: uncivilized individuals, people have lost their rationality, uncivilized and mesmerized, great destructive ability▯ - suggested that in crowds people submerge in a very primitive mind▯ - the crowd makes people bad▯ ▯ Group Mind in Crowd▯ - Le Bon described three characteristics of crowds:▯ - anonymity▯ - suggestibility (more likely do something when someone else suggests them to do it)▯ - contagion (spread like a disease)▯ - hypnotic state, can be used if controlled ▯ - masses will follow▯ - no explanations, repeat simple message▯ - not going to weigh/consider advantage and disadvantages▯ - Le Bon described crowds as a source of power▯ ▯ Alternative View▯ - Allport (1924) was highly critical of Le Bon and argued:▯ - “the individual in the crowd behaves just as he wold behave alone only more so”▯ - people who are bad, join the crowd, the crowd does not make people bad▯ - Allport suggested that in crowd, people reveal their true nature▯ ▯ People in Group▯ - social facilitation▯ - social loafing▯ - de-individuation refers to loss of sense of individual responsibility and reduction of inhibition due to joining a group▯ - Zimbardo’s prison study (1972)▯ ▯ De-Individuation▯ - two of the conditions that lead to de-individuation are:▯ - group size- as the group size increases, anonymity increases▯ - anonymity- as anonymity increases, de-individuation increases▯ - group size:▯ - as the size of the group increases, de-individuation increases, leading to a higher probability of violence in the group▯ - Zimbardo’s car experiment▯ - remove license plates, leave hood up▯ - when will the first vandalist approach the car? what happens after a week?▯ - NY: within minutes of the researcher leaving the car, 2 days: everything removed▯ - small town: no one touches car, someone stops to close hood when it started raining▯ - anonymity:▯ - as anonymity increases, inhibitions decrease, leading to a higher probability of bivalence in group▯ - Zimbardo’s Ku Klux Klan experiment▯ - teacher wearing KKK costume/identified deliver shock to learner when they get something wrong▯ - group with KKK deliver more shock than identified individuals ▯ - people become more deviant and violence when they are anonymous▯ - people are less likely to be identified individually when wearing a uniform▯ - -olice officers are susceptible to produce police brutality at times▯ Rodney King: victim of LAPD brutality on March 3, 1991▯ -
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