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Lecture 8

SOC 1500 Lecture Notes - Lecture 8: White-Collar Crime, Statistical Correlations Of Criminal Behaviour, Property Crime


Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOC 1500
Professor
Michelle Dumas
Lecture
8

Page:
of 14
SOC 1500 CRIME AND CRIMINAL JUSTICE (week 8)
PATTERNS OF CONVENTIONAL CRIME
CATEGORIES OF CRIME ------ *** written question on final exam
STREET CRIME (conventional)
OFFENDERS
oCommitted by the common person
People who are of lower classes are more likely to be arrested or charged
This is because people who can afford a lawyer cause trouble for the
system
RESPONSIBILITY
oUsually done alone
oThe convict is easily identifiable
THERE ARE TWO CATEGORIES
o1. Violent crime
Assault
Sexual assault
Robbery
o2. Property crime
Crime against property
CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM
oBulk of the work deals with conventional crime, it is more likely to be enforced,
and police are more equipt to deal with it
WHITE COLLAR CRIME
OFFENDERS
oPeople in position to exploit another person or accompany
OCCUPATION
oPrestigious and gives you opportunity
2 CATEGORIES
oIndividual – an individual is the perpetrator and the victim is the corporation
oCorporate – the victim is the consumer
CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM
oRarely deals with these crimes, it is enforced only through the courts and the
cases area held civilly as the corporations get sued.
o
SOCIAL DIMENSIONS OF CRIME (correlates of crime)
Variables that have a relationship to conventional crime
CORRELATE
Association between phenomenon
CORRELATES OF CRIME
Phenomenon related to criminal activity
SOCIOLOGICAL
Age, gender, race, ethnicity and class
oWho is most likely to be arrested and convicted
Not who commits
AGE
CRIME
Crime is a young man’s game
oPeople who are most likely to break the law are young
o18-24 years old
Both violent and property offence
VICTIMIZATION
Not only most likely to commit, also most likely to be victims
SELF-REPORT
Self reports also show this
EXPLANATION
Why
oYoung people are more able
Faster and stronger
EXCEPTIONS
oCertain crimes are committed more by older people
White collar crime
TYPES OF CRIMES
oEven property crime drop down after people get into their 40 and 50’s
Has to do with able bodyness
YOUTH
Require their physical fitness
They are over policed than older people
Young people lack experience
POSITION AND ROLE
At a disadvantage because they do lack power
Expected to be rebellious
PEERS AND CONTROL
Can play an in=important influence in a teenagers life
oPeer pressure
DEMOGRAPHICS
If you look at the age of a population you can determine how much crime there is going
to be
oExplain high crime in the 70’s
Baby boom
HISTORY AND CULTURE
Explain high crime in the 70’s
oBaby boom
SEX
PREDICTOR OF CRIME
It is the ultimate predictor of crime
MALES VS FEMALES
Crime rates for males are 84% in violent crimes while 77% property crimes
INFANTICIDE
This is the only exception because only women can be charged with it
EXPLANATIONS
BIOLOGICAL AND PSYCHOLOGICAL
oMales are stronger and more agile