SOC 2070 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Institute For Operations Research And The Management Sciences, Symbolic Interactionism, Relativism

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Published on 18 Apr 2013
School
University of Guelph
Department
Sociology
Course
SOC 2070
Professor
4/17/2013 9:22:00 PM
Interpretive theories emphasize:
Social interaction
Meanings, understandings, interpretations
Critical theories emphasize:
Interest in emancipation and social justice
Power relations
A combo of several interpretive/critical theories associated with
social constructionism that informs more subjective understandings
of deviance
The Constructionist Stance
A. Berger and Luckmann‟s (1966) work on the sociology of
knowledge
o They show how social life shapes everything people know
o They introduce the term “social constructionism”
B. Labeling theory, dominant approach to studying deviance in
1960s was criticized
o Conflict theorists claimed labeling theory ignored how elites
shape deviance definitions
o Feminists claimed labeling theory ignored women‟s
victimization by men
o Gay rights activists argued for political rights
Assign meaning or making sense of behaviours classified as deviant
INTERPRETIVE THEORIES
Symbolic Interactionism
o Foundation for other interpretive theories
o Role-taking
See the world from the POV of others
o Looking-glass self (how do we appear to others)
o Significant others (what would they say), generalized other
(what would people say) results in varying meanings &
interpretations of self/others
Labeling Theories
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Document Summary

A combo of several interpretive/critical theories associated with social constructionism that informs more subjective understandings of deviance. The constructionist stance: berger and luckmann s (1966) work on the sociology of knowledge, they show how social life shapes everything people know, they introduce the term social constructionism , labeling theory, dominant approach to studying deviance in. 1960s was criticized: conflict theorists claimed labeling theory ignored how elites shape deviance definitions, feminists claimed labeling theory ignored women s victimization by men, gay rights activists argued for political rights. Assign meaning or making sense of behaviours classified as deviant. Symbolic interactionism: foundation for other interpretive theories, role-taking. See the world from the pov of others: looking-glass self (how do we appear to others, significant others (what would they say), generalized other (what would people say) results in varying meanings & interpretations of self/others. Labeling theories: meaning, interaction, interpretation, becker: relativism. Deviance is not contained within individuals but in response of others.

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