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Lecture 4

LABR 1290 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Winnipeg General Strike, Industrial Unionism, Industrial Workers Of The World

2 pages64 viewsFall 2016

Department
Labour Studies
Course Code
LABR 1290
Professor
Prof.Julie Guard
Lecture
4

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October 4, 2016
1900 - 12.7% of the pop were born outside of CDN
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1/4 of the immigrant population had arrived in the past 9 years
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Most of these people were a part of the working class
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1911 (census year), 22% were immigrants
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The Winnipeg General Strike
Industrialization required more men to work
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Men formed the basis of radical or industrial unions
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Working-class men
Less than 20% were in the formal labour force
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Working-class women
What is an Industrial Unions
Early industrial unions organized across the working-class
1890s-1919: Intl. movement dedicated to organizing all workers into single, unified labour
organizations designed to overthrow the capitalist system
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Revolutionary Industrial Unionism
Industrial unionists' wanted to change the world and overthrow capitalism
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General Strike - when all workers in a city or region strike simultaneously (and usually illegally)
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Labour militancy
Organized in Dec 1869 in Philadelphia
In decline by 1890
KNIGHTS OF LABOR - major labour reform organization - late 19th century
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Founded 1905 in Chicago
In decline by 1914
Very militant, radical - determined
Working class and the employing class have nothing in common.
INTERNATIONAL WORKERS OF THE WORLD (IWW)
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Founded in 1919 at a meeting in Calgary by a coalition of IWW sympathizers, socialists
and trade unionists
In decline by 1925
ONE BIG UNION
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Industrial Unions:
Constitution of the Wobblies
South Porcupine Miners Union - Labour Radicals
Russian revolution in 1917 and the rising Revolutionary Industrial Unionism -
contributed ti the postwar labour unrest that fuelled the landmark WGS
Massive unemployment and inflation
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Began 15th of May 1919, ended 25th of June 1919
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Influenza Epidemic - The Flu
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Winnipeg Trades and Labour Council (WTLC) called a general strike on 15th of May
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1919 Year of Revolt
Bumstead, J.M. "The Winnipeg General Strike
Reconsidered." Beaver, Jun/Jul94, Vol. 74, Issue 3.
October 4, 2016
10:02 AM
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