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Class Notes for Physiology at University of Manitoba (UOFM)


UOFMPHGY 1030Luming WangFall

PHGY 1030 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Neural Coding, Cranial Nerves, Vagus Nerve

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The main flow of taste information: taste buds primary gustatory axons brain stem thalamus cerebral cortex (see fig. These nerves synapse within the sl
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UOFMPHGY 1030Luming WangFall

PHGY 1030 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Vitreous Body, Pituitary Gland, Ciliary Muscle

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Wavelength: the distance between successive peaks or troughs. Frequency: the number of waves per second. Amplitude: the difference between wave trough
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UOFMPHGY 1030Luming WangFall

PHGY 1030 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Afferent Nerve Fiber, Tas1R1, Umami

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The process by which an environmental stimulus causes an electrical response in a sensory receptor cell is called transduction. Taste transduction invo
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UOFMPHGY 1030Luming WangFall

PHGY 1030 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Cyclic Adenosine Monophosphate, Ion, Neural Coding

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In addition to perceive odours, smell is also a mode of communication. Chemicals released by the body, called pheromones, are important signals for rep
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UOFMPHGY 1030Luming WangFall

PHGY 1030 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Neural Coding, Sensory Neuroscience, Olfactory Receptor

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Olfactory receptor neurons send axons into the two olfactory bulbs (see fig. The input layer of each bulb contains about 2000 spherical structures call
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UOFMPHGY 1030Luming WangFall

PHGY 1030 Lecture Notes - Pia Mater, Occipital Lobe, Apical Dendrite

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The neural pathway leaving the eyes starting with the optic nerve. The optic nerve, optic chiasm, and optic tract. The ganglion cell axons leaving the
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UOFMPHGY 1030Luming WangFall

PHGY 1030 Lecture Notes - Motor Learning, Deep Cerebellar Nuclei, Cerebellar Vermis

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The initiation of movement by primary motor cortex. Sma is heavily interconnected with m1, cortical area 4. Stimulation intensities that are unable to
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UOFMPHGY 1030Luming WangFall

PHGY 1030 Lecture Notes - Risk Assessment, Goal Setting, Antiscience

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Chapter 14: the precautionary principle: a guide for protecting public health and the environment: Many environmental impacts of human activities canno
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UOFMPHGY 1030Luming WangFall

PHGY 1030 Lecture Notes - Lecture 13: Membrane Potential, Photopic Vision, Visual Acuity

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The most direct pathway for visual information to exit the eye is: photoreceptors bipolar cells ganglion cells. In response to light, ganglion cells fi
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UOFMPHGY 1030Luming WangFall

PHGY 1030 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Microvillus, Taste Bud, Membrane Potential

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It is likely that we can recognize only a few basic tastes. First, each food activates a different combination of the basic tastes. Second, most foods
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UOFMPHGY 1030Luming WangFall

PHGY 1030 Lecture Notes - Achromatopsia, Visual Perception, Motion Perception

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The receptive fields of neurons in layer ivc are similar to the magnocellular and parvocellular. Outside layer ivc, new receptive field characteristics
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UOFMPHGY 1030Luming WangFall

PHGY 1030 Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Electrophysiology, Outer Plexiform Layer, Retinal Ganglion Cell

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Photoreceptors are depolarized in the dark and are hyperpolarized by light and thus fewer transmitter molecules are released in the light than in the d
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