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Eng 204 Feb 6 2012

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University of Saskatchewan
ENG 204
Alison Muri

English 204 1 February 6 2012 Quick overview: regulation of the press - 1705: 65-70 printing houses in London alone - Competition for commercial control of publishing - Birth of modern library marketplace - 1710: “The Statute of Anne”, 14 years’ right to copy, possible not just for guild members but also for authors o Gave authors of books the rights to their own work, including the right to choose the publisher of their work o For books in print at the time of the statute, granted the sole right to prepublish the work for a period of 21 years o For subsequently published works granted copyright protection for 14 years with an option to extend that protection for another 14 years o Intended to protect the rights of authors as well as to prevent printer and publishing house monopolies Geocentric cosmos (from the Ancients 1400) Humors (from the ancients 1400 ) - The balance of the humors (air, water, fire) is how health was decided - The humors corresponded to the elements of the universe - Microcosm - Your health and wellbeing was connected to what was going on in the heavens Early encyclopaedias  Ancient and medieval encyclopaedias are of a type called “summa”  Literally, “sum total”  A collection of treatises  Not in alphabetical order  Italian Renaissance:  Brunetto Latini’s Li Livres dou Tresor [The Book of Treasures]  Organized by pictures  No sense of the importance of genetics  No new encyclopaedias of significance between 1400 and 1620 . . . why?  Possibly: many new discoveries (“humanism”/renaissance) that needed to be copied English 204 2 February 6 2012  The encyclopaedic activity of gathering and displaying knowledge couldn’t keep up with new discoveries  Encyclopedia became popular again from the 1600s and on How much did the book spread to the spread of scientific knowledge? - One the one hand it spread in a huge way through print - Important inventions around the time of the press o Gun power o Compass – helps you to calibrate where you are when on the ocean - On the other side there is knowledge by traveling o Christopher Columbus - Books are being published to help people understand science, math …. ‘natural history’ - petrus apianus volvelles o 8&rls=org.mozilla:en-GB:official&client=firefox-a&um=1&ie=UTF- 8&hl=en&tbm=isch&source=og&sa=N&tab=wi&ei=HSIwT8XEBqqS0QHL8KnLBA&bi w=1708&bih=798&sei=ISIwT5bQFsbl0gHzz7T9Cg - Copernicus published on the revolutions
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