POLS 375 Lecture Notes - Lawrence Cannon, Soft Power, Maxime Bernier
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Cabinet: Division Between Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs
A good example is Lloyd Axworthy's doctrine on human security.
The belief that Canada could exert influence on the world using soft power
in the area of human security.
Soft power initially became the new thing.
It's a much harder sell to governments (particularly strong, large
The thing about human security is that it's a great sell to your own people
and people of other countries.
The Axworthy Doctrine:
Our military, foreign affairs department, foreign aid, etc., was getting
This was good, because we did not have to spend a whole lot of
Axworthy decides that we don’t need hard power: we can coast on
In the mid-90s, huge, deep, budget cuts occurred under the watch of the
Liberal government (according to current government: on the backs of
The fact that Canada would be on board was enough for some
Compared to many countries around the world, we have an exemplary
record of human rights.
Under Harper, Peter MacKay was moved… Maxime Bernier was
forced to resign… Lawrence Cannon lost…
Since Axworthy, we've had a revolving door in foreign affairs, due to
having many different ministers over time, thanks to having minority
It coloured the dominant paradigm.
9/11 changed the global paradigm
One of the benefits of having a minister in for a significant period of time: if that
minister chooses, they can pick specific foreign agendas. They can take their thing
and run with it.
March 22, 2013
POLS 375.3 Page 1
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