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Soc 360 -- November 13th 2012.doc

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SOC 360
Darrell Mc Laughlin

Multiculturalism, Globalism and Challenges to Developing Forms − Often when we talk about multiculturalism the principles of colonialism creep in Multiculturalism and Globalism  Multiculturalism: the process whereby a variety of groups within existing states increasingly assert their separate cultural identities and demand political recognition. ◦ We can see this within Canada; in many political and social struggles going on ▪ examples  Aboriginals  Quebec  Globalism: the erosion of boundaries so that people’s life chances every where increasingly depend on the workings of a global market over which states have little control. ◦ Nation-state holds onto specific aspects, no authority n the market yet market is powerful Internet and global risk society  Economy/internet feedback loop in the Information age  High-tech “robber barons”  The nature of risk in globalization: becoming more and more incalculable. Benefits and problems of globalization Principles of distributive Social Justice (Miller) Need, Desert and Equality in a multicultural global society: A common standard of need State provision of some needs Just desert for individual effort Competition to reward the best providers based on talent and effort but not structural advantaged. Equality or less extreme inequality Equality before the law and as citizens Inclusive identities of citizenship Principles of distributive Social Justice in Global Reality Watson: Global capitalism and immiseration of the working class Most GO and NGO have accepted the idea that there is no alternative to global capitalism; Watson: Labour can exists without capitalists but capitalists cannot exists without labour; Globalization from below with a worker planned and organized society with people needs and interest at the centre; Principles of distributive Social Justice Global Reality (cont.) Martin: overlapping ideas of Marxists and Liberation theologists Global Capitalism as the driving force of oppression as wealth accumulates; Justice from meeting basic human needs and preventing destructive development; While not glorifying violence, it may be necessary to overcome violence and oppression Principles of distributive Social Justice in Global Reality (cont.) Ferrara: Justice must not be managed by supporters of the status quo; is protective of human rights; and articulates the international order required by justice; Charlesworth: to avoid local cultural practices that oppress women need to uncover the interests involved; Cahill: Justice as an ethical norm
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