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Lecture 99

AVIA310 Lecture Notes - Lecture 99: Situation Awareness, Cognitive Engineering, Jack Kraft

2 pages91 viewsWinter 2016

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All the way from Lafayette, Indiana at Purdue University, Mica R. Endsley took off on
her career in 1985; graduating with a Master of Science in Industrial Engineering. In 1990, she
continued to pursue her interest for engineering by obtaining her Doctor of Philosophy in
Industrial and Systems Engineering in Los Angeles at the University of Southern California.
Endsley is well-known for her model on situation awareness (SA) in dynamic decision
making, which also includes her concepts on decision making and automation. In 2003 for her
research, she was awarded the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society Jack Kraft Innovator
Award. She is the innovator of a few air force programs such as Cockpit Automation Technology
and Pilot’s Associate. For the future of systems design, her legacy has made an influence in
improving human situation awareness and decision-making in advanced automation and artificial
intelligence. As the first human factors female engineer and first female to serve as Chief
Scientist of the Air Force, her determination to stick with a human factors plan centralized
towards cognitive psychology has been effective in integrating people with the world’s ever most
perpetually developing technology.
With an overwhelming number of 200 scientific papers on situation awareness, decision-
making and automation, three of her colloquially used research reports are “Design and
evaluation for situational awareness enhancement,” “Cognitive Engineering and Decision
Making: An Overview and Future Course,” and her prominent figure for situational awareness in
“Toward a Theory of Situation Awareness in Dynamic Systems,” which are all a part of the
Journal of Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making. Along with the approximate 200 papers
she’s written, Endsley has co-authored with two books called “Analysis and Measurement of
Situation Awareness” and “Designing for Situation Awareness.”
Endsley is currently the President of Situational Awareness (SA) Technologies, a
cognitive engineering firm that has ramified from Endsley’s work since 1997. Her company is
unique due to their frequently updated production of software and technology for many
industries that are integral to how the Air Force functions such as creating new systems for air
traffic control, aviation, space, cyber, power system operations, military command and control,
and even the medical field. When she was working on programs for the Air Force in Northrop,
she developed her very first concept of situation awareness, introduced ideas to measure
situational awareness, and founded a research program for enhancing her plans for situation
On her journey to being the founder of SA Technologies, she had taken lots of superior
positions teaching, developing, writing, and researching for Industrial Engineering at several
high-reputation venues.
For her teaching experience, at MIT in the Department of Aeronautics and Astronautics,
she was a Visiting Associate Professor. When she went back to Texas Tech University, the
school she went to for her undergraduate degree, she became an Associate Professor of Industrial
Engineering. She had won numerous teaching awards for her efforts.
Endsley trained to be a Certified Professional Ergonomist and a Registered Professional
Engineer. In the Human Factors and Ergonomics Society (HFES), she was President. Not only
was she a fellow for HFES, her heart for engineering has lead her from coordinating in the HFES
Executive Council to being a co-founder of the Cognitive Engineering and Decision Making
Technical Group of HFES. When Endsley went to the Air Force as Chief Scientist, she
cooperated with the elite engineers and scientists within the Air Force. As if the Air Force wasn’t
enough for Endsley, she also assisted in other armed services such as academia and industry to
revolutionise their systems in addition to being on call for scientific and technical manners.
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