19 September 2012
Two Classical Ideologies
- Sees need for reform (post-Enlightenment) - Skeptical of sudden change
- Trust in individual judgement - Upholds tradition, social order, collective
- Upholds individual interests and rights good
- Trust in contractual relationship between - Trust in family, aristocracy, church, state
individuals and state - Distrust of individual judgement
- Switzerland traces the origins of its nation to about 1291.
- Several of the rural communities, cantons, joined together to become a confederation.
- The Swiss were known in the middle ages for the military power and usually won their battles.
- Until they lost a battle to the French… this caused them to not engage in European conflicts.
- In 1648, the Swiss asked for and were guaranteed a status of neutrality, thus beginning their reign
- However, they are not passive. Every citizen is a member of the army with the most advanced
technology in the event that someone was to declare war upon them.
- This was after the 30 year war (which began in 1618), which left the nation to take on neutral
- In 1848, the Swiss wrote themselves a liberal contract which governed their constitution.
- Society is divided up into interest groups.
- “… an institutionalized arrangement whereby government officials, employer groups, organized
labour, and other socioeconomic…” 19 September 2012
The basic law was established that as a “temporary” measure until a “real” Germany was enacted.
The parliament was placed in power and assigned a chancellor as the head of state.
Germany is a parliamentary democracy and organized like a federal republic
They have powerful provinces (Länder)
Chancellor (leader of the government)
President (largely ceremonial)
Bicameral parliament (two houses):
1. The elected national parliament
2. And the appointed
The Adenauer Era (1950s) Political Timeline
- Konrad Adenauer (1876 – 1967) - Bundestag elections
- Mayor of Cologne