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Two classical ideologies.docx

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University of Waterloo
GER 100
Paul Malone

19 September 2012 Two Classical Ideologies Liberalism Conservatism - Sees need for reform (post-Enlightenment) - Skeptical of sudden change - Trust in individual judgement - Upholds tradition, social order, collective - Upholds individual interests and rights good - Trust in contractual relationship between - Trust in family, aristocracy, church, state individuals and state - Distrust of individual judgement - Switzerland traces the origins of its nation to about 1291. - Several of the rural communities, cantons, joined together to become a confederation. - The Swiss were known in the middle ages for the military power and usually won their battles. - Until they lost a battle to the French… this caused them to not engage in European conflicts. - In 1648, the Swiss asked for and were guaranteed a status of neutrality, thus beginning their reign of neutrality. - However, they are not passive. Every citizen is a member of the army with the most advanced technology in the event that someone was to declare war upon them. - This was after the 30 year war (which began in 1618), which left the nation to take on neutral practices. - In 1848, the Swiss wrote themselves a liberal contract which governed their constitution. Democratic Corporatism - Society is divided up into interest groups. - “… an institutionalized arrangement whereby government officials, employer groups, organized labour, and other socioeconomic…” 19 September 2012 The basic law was established that as a “temporary” measure until a “real” Germany was enacted.  The parliament was placed in power and assigned a chancellor as the head of state.  Germany is a parliamentary democracy and organized like a federal republic  They have powerful provinces (Länder)  Chancellor (leader of the government)  President (largely ceremonial)  Bicameral parliament (two houses): 1. The elected national parliament 2. And the appointed The Adenauer Era (1950s) Political Timeline - Konrad Adenauer (1876 – 1967) - Bundestag elections - Mayor of Cologne
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