PHIL145:L ECTURE 1
May 2, 2017
Nature of the Discipline
Q: What is critical thinking?
• Critical thinking is about HOW to think carefully and clearly about something.
• It is not how to make judgements of other people.
• In one sense, critical thinking is the ability to understand and evaluate arguments.
Rational Moral Agency
• As rational agents beliefs are very relevant and important to us.
• We make a lot of decisions because of our beliefs.
• Critical thinking is important to help learn to adopt a belief through a suitable and reliable
• Misguided action can be a consequence of unreliable beliefs.
• Foreign entities can persuade you into making decisions by influencing your beliefs.
• Important to learn to understand and evaluate arguments; helps gain discernment and reliable
Models of Critical Thinking
The Filter Model:
The Individual – Seeks reliable beliefs from the information he/she is exposed to.
The World – Contains facts, some truth tellers, some stupid people, and some liars, etc..
Critical Thinking - A set of cognitive skills that