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Module 9 Notes taken from module 9 of the Psychology textbook, 9th edition.

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Colin Mac Leod

Chapter 9 Hypnosis - Hypnotists merely engage people’s ability to focus on certain images or behaviours - To some extent we are all open to suggestion (a person with their eyes closed being told they are swaying will infact sway a little--- postural sway) o People who respond to suggestions without hypnosis are the same ones who respond to hypnosis - After a brief hypnotic induction, a hypnotist suggests a series of experiences from easy to hard - Highly hypnotizable people (20 percent) who can carry out a suggestion not to smell or react to a bottle of ammonia held under their nose are those who become easily deeply absorbed in imaginative activities... typically have rich fantasy lives - Researchers refer to hypnotic “susceptibility” as hypnotic “ability to focus attention totally on a task, to become imaginatively absorbed in it, to entertain fanciful possibilities - Virtually anyone will experience hypnotic responsiveness if led to expect it o Imagine staring up at a ceiling and someone telling you your eyes are getting heavier... with this strain anyone’s eyes would get tired, but you would likely attribute your heavy eyelids to the hypnotists abilities and then become more open to other suggestions - Can hypnosis enhance recall of forgotten events? o Most people wrongly believe that our experiences are all “in there” recorded in our brain available for recall if only we break through our own defences o 60 years of research disputes claims of age regression—the supposed ability to relieve childhood experiences--- age regressed people act as they believe a child would, but they typically iss the mark by outperforming real children of the specified age  They may for example “feel” childlike and print like they know a 6 year old would, but they sometimes do with perfect spelling and typically without any change in their adult brain waves, reflexes and perceptions o “hypnotically refreshed” mmories combine fact with fiction  Without either person being aware of what is going on a hypnotist hints “did you hear that noise” can plant ideas that become the subjects pseudomemory  Thus Australian and british courts generally ban testimony from witnesses who have been hypnotized  Another example are memories created under hypnosis from people who have reported to be abducted by UFOs, most are predisposed to believe in aliens, are highly hypnotizeable and have undergone hypnosis - Can Hypnosis force people to act against their will o Researchers have induced hypnotized people to perform dangerous acts..  Ie. Dipping hands in acid and throwing acid in a researcher’s face (suggested acid.. however it was not actually acid)  People interviewed later did not recall their acts and denied they would ever do any of this  Does hypnosis give hypnotist special control against others will? An experiment involving a control group where they were asked to act hypnotised and another group that was hypnotised... research Chapter 9 Hypnosis assistants who were not aware that one group was not hypnotised treated them the same and both groups did as the researcher asked o This study illustrates a principle the social psychologist Stanley
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