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Psych 257 Chap 6 Psych 257 Psychopathology Barlow et Al: Abnormal Psychology 2nd CDN edition Chapter 6

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University of Waterloo
Uzma Rehman

Somatoform and Dissociative Disorders somatoform disorders preoccupation with healthappearance and general physical disorders dissociative disorders detachments in consciousness or identity may assume new one forget etc historical link bw two orig both known as hysterical neurosis conversion hysteria Somatoform Disorders 5 basic somatoform disorders individuals pathologically concerned with functioning of body Hypochondriasis Clinical Description anxiety or fear of having a serious disease essential problem anxiety preoccupation w bodily symptoms misinterpret as illnessdisease go to family doctor reassurance by doctor only short term illness phobia just fear of developing a disease similar to panic disorder difference hypochs focus on longterm illness process range of symptoms statistics unsure of prevalence in gen population 5050 sex ratio even on phases of adulthood no average onset culture specific syndromes physicians must rule out somatic complaints first causes ongoing psychopathological process disorder of cognitionperception enhanced perceptual sensitivity to illness cues runs in families eg tendency to overstress may have learned from family member stressful life event death illness constant view of ill people treatment CBT eg exposure to healthilnness info can be very effective research on SSRI as drugmay adapt treatments for related illnesses eg GAD Somatization Disorder patients confront doctor with list of somatic problems without medical basisdo not feel urgency to take action but continually feel weak and ill statistics 28 prevalence 33 women 19 men rare occurs on continuumpeople with few symptoms may experience enough distressimpairment to necessitate diagnosis tend to be women unmarried lower socioeconomic gro
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