RS110 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Haskalah, Merkabah Mysticism, Jewish Holidays

123 views28 pages
Published on 9 Apr 2017
Course
Professor
1
JUDAISM
MODULE 0
Introductions & Common Religious Assumptions Between Islam, Judaism, Christianity
Monotheism
Belief that there is one god, starting point in the religion. Existence of god does
not need to be proved
Transcendence: There is no being above god, ‘own category’
Theistic: God is the creator, god makes everything- everything must exist has a
cause except for god, God created & continuously cares for the wellbeing he
created
Deistic: God created but doesn’t care for the well being anymore- not
present- NOT an assumption
Pantheism: God is everywhere and in everyone of us
Polytheism: Belief in many gods, all have different functions- NOT an
assumption
Henotheism: Belief that there are many gods, but there is one highest god
(ex. zeus)
Existence-Essence: All creatures below category of god cannot know anything
about god.
No mind, or deeply we feel, we cannot know the essence of god
Cannot say if god is male or female, bc god is beyond the essence.
Revelation
Logically follows transcendence
○ Divine self disclosure
- god is the one who must initiate revelation bc we as
humans cannot attain to the knowledge of god
God discloses himself, act of god
Knowledge come to us only if god initiates
Epistemology:
Study of knowledge
Bc of limits of human mind- it requires god to reveal himself, initiates
process of revelation
Scripture
Writings known as holy scriptures
Significance: Very clear limits, so religion can be passed on, all scriptures have a
divine origin- come from god.
Canons of writings
Have theological- ethical authority: not another book that has this or truth
recorded in this book
Basis of daily life
Interpretations are important
Issue of hermeneutics
Translation
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 28 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
2
Attempt of someone who reads scripture
Commonly agreed norms of interpretation
Misinterpretation of what the holy scripture is saying
By what authority decides what a holy text says??
MODULE 1: ORIGIN, BIBLICAL JUDAISM
The Hebrew Bible
Scripture
Judaism is a way of the Torah
Early period of judaism is the hebrew bible (aka old testament) and aka
tanakh
Torah: Law, reference to the first 5 books
Nevi'im: Prophets
Ketuvim: Writings
There are 24 Books
The one printed in 1931: Very artistically written
Written from right to left
In the torah, refer to the first 5 books in the hebrew bible, beginning of torah & history:
Genesis
Exodus
Leviticus
Numbers
Deuteronomy
Prophets
Joshua
Judges
Samuel
Kings
Have info about the history of prophets
Prophets are:
Isaiah
Jeremiah
Ezekiel
Minor prophets:
Hosea
Joel
Amos
Obadiah
Jonah
Micah
Nahum
Habakkuk
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 28 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
3
Zephaniah
Haggai
Zechariah
Malachi
All 12 minor prophets count as one book
Historical Writings
Psalms
Proverbs
Jobs
Have scrolls: Ruth, Song of Songs, Lamentations, Ecclesiastes, Esther
Daniel, Ezra Nehemiah, Chronicles (This is a different class)
Everything has different genres
Question of Hermeneutics
Attempt to interpret the meaning of scripture
Most scholars nowadays believe that moses wrote some parts & that there are different
parts and composition
What is the nature of the texts? Intention? Did moses write some?
Our rationality cannot understand god, bc god is in a unique category
Anthropomorphic language: divide scriptures use terminology as if god is human
Texts have a certain intent
Correct interpretation is important: how can we make sense of scripture in way that is
true to scripture and current reality?
Origins and History
Genesis
Creation accounts starts at the beginning
God is the one who initiates the creation of all life
Every person is created by the image of god, god created them in his image
Degree of human freedom in every person- requires rationality
We are the only ones who live in an abstract way that communicate with each other-
HUMANITY is the highest form of creation
Fall of humanity
If adam didn’t eat the apple we would all be in heaven
Adam and eve were able to make own decisions
God is good, knows what’s good for his creature
Made as good but not as robots
Adam & eve went against it: fall of humanity
Sin is not an original thing in judaism
Rabi’s said that each person can have an inclination, can be good or evil
Judaism: sin is going against commandment of god
Religion is an attempt to overcome the fact that life is disruptive
In jewish history: Abraham, god made a covenant (contract)
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-3 of the document.
Unlock all 28 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Introductions & common religious assumptions between islam, judaism, christianity. Belief that there is one god, starting point in the religion. Existence of god does not need to be proved. Transcendence: there is no being above god, own category". Theistic: god is the creator, god makes everything- everything must exist has a cause except for god, god created & continuously cares for the wellbeing he created. Deistic: god created but doesn"t care for the well being anymore- not present- not an assumption. Pantheism: god is everywhere and in everyone of us. Polytheism: belief in many gods, all have different functions- not an assumption. Henotheism: belief that there are many gods, but there is one highest god (ex. zeus) Existence-essence: all creatures below category of god cannot know anything about god. No mind, or deeply we feel, we cannot know the essence of god. Cannot say if god is male or female, bc god is beyond the essence.

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

YearlyMost Popular
75% OFF
$9.98/m
Monthly
$39.98/m
Single doc
$39.98

or

You will be charged $119.76 upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.