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Lecture

Islam Intro Origin, Pre-historical Islam, Muhammad, Islam Belief


Department
Religious Studies
Course Code
RS110
Professor
Peter Frick

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RS#110##101:#Lecture#14#
Islam&
Tuesday,#November#9,#2010#
#
The&Way&of&Submission&
#
ORIGINS#OF#ISLAM#
Islam&
B Root:#sBIBm#means#“submissions,#surrender#
B SBIBm#may#also#mean#salam,#“peace”#
&
Muslim&
B One#who#submits#on#their#own#to#the#will#of#Allah#
o Inanimate#(plants#and#nature)/animal#life#is#Muslim#by#nature#
o Human#beings#are#Muslim#by#will,#obedience#
B Profession#of#faith#(shahadah):#“I#bear#witness#that#there#is#no#god#except#God#and#I#bear#
witness#that#Muhammad#is#the#messenger#of#God#
B Two#Muslim#witnesses##
B Not#Mohammadan,#Muselman#
B No#worship#of#Muhammad##
#
THE#STUDY#OF#ISLAM#
The&Qur’an,&Koran&
B “Recitation”/”Repeat”##
B Written#in#Arabic;#cannot#be#translated#
B 114#Surahs##
#
Sources&
B Qur'an##relatively#little#biographical#information#about#Muhammad#
B Hadith#–#prophetic,#written#(legal#traidtion,#believed#to#be#divinely#inspired#(sometimes#
compared#to#oral#Torah);#origin#in#8th#century#
B Sunnah#–#(least#important)#tradition,#practices#about#Muhammad's#life#and#actions#
#
PREBISLAMIC#HISTORY#
B Age#of#foolishness,#ignorance#(jahiliyah)#
B Lack#of#moral#and#religions#consciousness##
B Judaism#and#Christianity#are#part#of#this#age,#they#have#a#common#monotheistic#ground#with#
Islam,#but#they#distorted#the#once#pure#revelation#given#to#Moses#and#Jesus#
B Islam#alone#is#the#fulfillment#of#all#religion#as#it#represents#the#completion#of#divine#revelation#
that#began#with#Adam##
B Allah##Creator#God,#but#was#not#worshipped#alone##
B Polytheism#and#animistic#worship#
B Kaa’bah##large#rectangular#stone#in#Mecca;#a#shrine#that#served#as#a#place#of#idolatrous#worship#
in#preBIslamic#times#
B Pilgrimage,#trade#fair,#economic#centre#
B AlBlah#and#3#Goddesses##
o AlBLat,#AlBUzzah#(Venus/Aphrodite?),#Manat##daughters#of#Allah#
o Quran#repudiates#these#goddesses##
B Life#brought#only#death,#no#afterlife##Mecca#brought:#hedonistic#life,#wine,#women##
B People#lived#in#ignorance.#They#new#a#god#existed;#however,#they#distorted#it#
#
&
&
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