RS110 Lecture Notes - Lecture 10: Sunnah

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Published on 8 Apr 2015
The Concept of God
- Allah – “al lah” – The God
- “Say: He is God, One, One the Everlasting Refuge, who has not begotten, and has
not been begotten, and equal to him is not any one” (112:1-4)
- Unity; Monotheism
- Transcendence
- Eternity (22:45; 32:5; 70:4)
- Immutability
- “Praise be to Allah, Lord of the worlds, the beneficient, the merciful” (1:1-2)
- Six day creation (10:4; 11:7)
- All people created from a “single soul” (4:1); “two spouses, male and female”
(13:3; 49:13)
- Humanity made from dust/clay, also from sperm/blood (22:5)
- “I created the jinn and humankind only that they might worship me” (51:56)
- Allah “made all good things which he created” (12:7)
- “There is no altering (the laws of) Allahs creation. That is the right religion, but
most men know not” (30:30)
Human Nature
- No concept of human sinful nature
- Sin is a matter of forgetfulness, negligence
- Adam is the father of humanity and the first sinner.
oHe violated the principle of submission to God by his disobedience
- Kafir – a person who forgets, conceals
oKafir = mushirk; one who associates other things with Allah (idolatry)
The Quran
- 114 Surahs
- Quran: means reciting/ recitation
- Origin: First revelation Night of Power 610
oRevealed to Muhammed over a 20 year period
oRevelation = divine origin; authority
- All surah revealed in Mecca
oExcept 22 in Medina
- Within 25 years of muhammed’s death
oTexts from the Quran were collected, arranged, and copied in UNIFORM
- The Arabic text became vocalized (furnished with vowels)
- The Question of Hermeneutics
oQuran was not open to interpretation (unlike the Hebrew and Christian
bibles are)
oConsidered to be divine revelation, rendering it unquestionable
- Jews & Christians and the Quran
o“People of the scriptures”
oSurah 2:62, 111, 113, 120, 135, 140 (Reference to Jews and Christians)
oSurah 10:72 – Story of Noah
oSurah 10:76 – Story of Moses and Aaron
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