Class Notes (809,270)
Canada (493,607)
Sociology (709)
SOC 101 (300)

March 13th 2013.docx

4 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Waterloo
SOC 101
Barry Mc Clinchey

th March 13 2013 Crime and Deviance Punishment model: U.S., most people in jail per 100,000 In Canada…  Aboriginal offenders are more than twice as likely to be incarcerated than no aboriginal offenders  Aboriginals accused are more likely to be denied bail  More time is spent in pre-trial detention by aboriginal people  Aboriginals accused are more likely to be charged with multiple offences The over representation of aboriginal persons in the federal prison population is worsening  11% in 1991  15% 1996  17 in 1997  But only represent 2% of the Canadian population Issue with aboriginal education In Manitoba….  Represented 9% of populations  Accounted for 61% of federal and provincial custody  72% in Saskatchewan  39% in Alberta  16% in B.C.  Under 10% in other provinces What is Criminology?  The book of knowledge regarding crime as a social phenomenon. It includes within its scope the process of making laws, breaking laws and reacting towards the breaking of laws  How effective are the punishments Crime: designates certain behaviours and actions that require social control and social intervention codified in law Deviance: actions that violate social norms and that may or may not be against the law Most crimes are understood as deviant however all deviant acts are not criminal. Changes over Time  Female body modification o Proliferation of plastic surgery o Tattooing, piercing  Smoking: attitudinal changes, less tolerated compared to 30-40 years ago What is Deviant?  What are the accepted standards?  Where is the line?  Sexually explicit material vs. pornography  Prostitution Social Deviance  Any acts that involve the violation of social norms  Howard Becker (1996) o Not that act itself rather people’s reaction to the act that makes it deviant  Who defines deviance? Historically moral responsibility fallen on religious organizations or governments themselves, lobby groups Objective Deviance: ways of thinking, acting and being Subjective Deviance: moral status Theories on Crime Causation  A framework for understanding criminal behaviour that can then be tested  Provide us with an indication of how we can prevent or correct crime  Translated into policy o Hire more police, crime rate goes up History of Explanations for crime and criminals  Evil spirits, demons and magic thought to be responsible for criminal activities Classical Criminology  Rational Choice Theory o Movement to balance crime fairly  Beccaria and Bentham o If crime results in some form of pleasure for the criminal than pain must be used to prevent crime 4 beliefs of classical criminology  People have free will  Less work for a greater payoff  The fear of punishment will deter  Serve, certain and swift Problems with Classical theory  Crime is not always rational  Not everyone is caught  Uniformity in laws and enforcement: aboriginal example , kind of lawyer you obtain has a great deal as to if you get convicted  Assumption that punishment deters is not well supported, n evidence that it is the solution to crime  Failure to account for individual circumstances Biological Perspectives  Positivism
More Less

Related notes for SOC 101

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.