Class Notes (836,030)
Canada (509,587)
Sociology (717)
SOC 101 (300)

Socialization Lecture Notes

5 Pages
Unlock Document

SOC 101
Barry Mc Clinchey

Chapter6:Socialization 1. Nature verses Nurture 1.TheBiologicalApproach(nature) • Our actions stem from our biological roots • ~You are what you are • ~stop the bad seed! You are what you are because of your history 2.EnvironmentalApproach(nurture) • We are the products of our socialization • Social forces and the social environment create human experience* The Nature Argument True or False: Sociologists disregard the nature argument in its entirety • • SocialIsolationandFeralChildren • Children deprived of human contact have limited intellectual capacities, have no or limited experience with love or human interaction and do not grasp language • ~inability to communicate --how to behave... use a washroom... talk... • ~loss of language • Sociologists believe that socialreality isconstructedby people every time they interact with others • Socializationis the process by which people learn to become members of society • Process begins at birth and continues throughout the life course • ~life long process • Most intense period is infancy and early childhood • Our sense of the world and of ourselves is the result of social interaction • SocialInteractionincludes all of the ways that people interact in social settings while recognizing each person’s experiences and intentions ~act differently at home vs at school • Symbolic Interactionism and the Development of the Self • The Self is comprised of a set of learned values and attitudes which develop through social interaction • SelfImageis the conception that one has of oneself • Cooley- lookingglassself • we begin to form a vision of ourselves the way we think other people see us • Mead- conception of the I and the Me • Iis the center self • MEis the socially developed self... George Herbert Mead • I,the element of the self that is spontaneous, creative, impulsive and at times unpredictable • Me, helps to control the I, the self-reflective part of the consciousness that thinks about how to behave • SignificantOthers- those around us from whom we want approval (parents, peers, etc) • ~change as we go through life • GeneralizedOthers- the attitudes, viewpoints and expectations of society that are internalized • RoleTaking,process of mentally assuming the perspective of another • ~accept the role and understand it, reach out and build a vision of what their challenges are, what their life is compared to yours, etc... Mead’s Development of Self 1. Preparatory Stage (birth to age 3) 2. Play Stage (ages 3-5) 3. Game Stage (elementary school years) • PrimarySocializationbegins during game stage whereby children learn the attitudes, values and behaviours for individuals in their culture • SecondarySocializationoccurs in early adolescence and beyond through participation in groups that have defined roles and expectations (e.g., jobs, sports teams, clubs and organizations) (gr. 7,8) Double Consciousness- Du Bois • DoubleConsciousness:refers to a sense of self that is, in part, defined by others • ~also defined by who we actually are • Applied this term to African Americans specifically 3. Agents of Socialization • The individuals, groups and social institutions that work together to help people become functioning members of society • FourPrimaryAgentsofSocialization 1. Family - laid back, grouchy... all sorts of characteristics surrounding them
More Less

Related notes for SOC 101

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.