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Lecture

Socialization Lecture Notes

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC 101
Professor
Barry Mc Clinchey
Semester
Winter

Description
Chapter6:Socialization 1. Nature verses Nurture 1.TheBiologicalApproach(nature) • Our actions stem from our biological roots • ~You are what you are • ~stop the bad seed! You are what you are because of your history 2.EnvironmentalApproach(nurture) • We are the products of our socialization • Social forces and the social environment create human experience* The Nature Argument True or False: Sociologists disregard the nature argument in its entirety • • SocialIsolationandFeralChildren • Children deprived of human contact have limited intellectual capacities, have no or limited experience with love or human interaction and do not grasp language • ~inability to communicate --how to behave... use a washroom... talk... • ~loss of language • Sociologists believe that socialreality isconstructedby people every time they interact with others • Socializationis the process by which people learn to become members of society • Process begins at birth and continues throughout the life course • ~life long process • Most intense period is infancy and early childhood • Our sense of the world and of ourselves is the result of social interaction • SocialInteractionincludes all of the ways that people interact in social settings while recognizing each person’s experiences and intentions ~act differently at home vs at school • Symbolic Interactionism and the Development of the Self • The Self is comprised of a set of learned values and attitudes which develop through social interaction • SelfImageis the conception that one has of oneself • Cooley- lookingglassself • we begin to form a vision of ourselves the way we think other people see us • Mead- conception of the I and the Me • Iis the center self • MEis the socially developed self... George Herbert Mead • I,the element of the self that is spontaneous, creative, impulsive and at times unpredictable • Me, helps to control the I, the self-reflective part of the consciousness that thinks about how to behave • SignificantOthers- those around us from whom we want approval (parents, peers, etc) • ~change as we go through life • GeneralizedOthers- the attitudes, viewpoints and expectations of society that are internalized • RoleTaking,process of mentally assuming the perspective of another • ~accept the role and understand it, reach out and build a vision of what their challenges are, what their life is compared to yours, etc... Mead’s Development of Self 1. Preparatory Stage (birth to age 3) 2. Play Stage (ages 3-5) 3. Game Stage (elementary school years) • PrimarySocializationbegins during game stage whereby children learn the attitudes, values and behaviours for individuals in their culture • SecondarySocializationoccurs in early adolescence and beyond through participation in groups that have defined roles and expectations (e.g., jobs, sports teams, clubs and organizations) (gr. 7,8) Double Consciousness- Du Bois • DoubleConsciousness:refers to a sense of self that is, in part, defined by others • ~also defined by who we actually are • Applied this term to African Americans specifically 3. Agents of Socialization • The individuals, groups and social institutions that work together to help people become functioning members of society • FourPrimaryAgentsofSocialization 1. Family - laid back, grouchy... all sorts of characteristics surrounding them
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