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Lecture 2

Understanding Victimization: Lecture 2 SOC 201 .docx

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SOC 201
Barry Mc Clinchey

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Lecture 2 Tuesday, September 24, 2013 8:49 PM Patients and Elderly  Factors that play a role in Elder Abuse  Factors included: o Gender, age, race, level of frustration, anger or despair, past history, living arrangements, level of financial or emotional dependence on other, psychological and mental factors, environmental factors, systemic factors UNDERSTANDING VICTIMIZATION o The ability to clearly define the term victim o Makes studying the complexities of victimization difficulty o A clear working definition is critical  Three Concerns o Definitions of victims (including types)  Finding the victims (dont want to talk about it)  The availability of data (format)  Understanding the challenges in studying victims The Bathurst Crash of 2008  7 students and 1 teacher were killed on the way home from a baseball game  The 7 young men who were the obvious victims were not the only victims o Parents of the basketball team and the partners/ siblings or friends or classmates  "all those who experience harm" o We need more precise way to think of victims First, identity the event...  There will be individuals who clearly identity themselves as victims and recognize themselves as victims  These same individuals will also be identified by others as 'victims' o These are PRIMARY VICTIMS (the one who gets assaulted, robbed etc) Secondary Victim  Immediate family and friends; emotionally close to the primary victim  Often the first to be with him or her  'share the pain' of the primary victim  There is a social emotional proximity Tertiary Victims  In the case of the Bathurst, this type would the town residents  Only some psychological effects Event Outcomes  Moved by the event in some way but not identified as victims Challenges in Measuring Victims  Victims are uncomfortable talking about their experiences  The type of offence may have a bearing on data collection  Samples are often very difficult to obtain Research methods  Qualitative methods in which interview and observations are used (no numbers)  Quantitative methods which usually take the form of a type of surveys Obtrusive Methods  Obtrusive because you interact
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