Class Notes (808,754)
Canada (493,378)
Sociology (709)
SOC 201 (24)
Lecture 4

SOC 201: Lecture 4.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

University of Waterloo
SOC 201
Barry Mc Clinchey

Lecture 4 Tuesday, October 1, 2013 4:48 PM Victim-Based Theories Hans Von Hentig (1887-1974)  Bridge the gap between law and psychology  One of the first to look at the relationship between the offender and the victim (doer and the sufferer OR subject and the object)  "The Criminal and his Victim" (1948) o Women were not criminals; if they did commit a crime they were looked on as mental  Compare the criminal to a predator  WE MUST UNDERSTAND the victim and the offender The potential to become a victim is influenced by: o Biology (chromosomes; state of health) o Socialization ( did you grow up in a family of criminals; or where a victim of abuse) o Chance (wrong place at the wrong time)  *** Only by understanding the victim and offender relationship can effective prevention and treatment programs can be developed Typology of Victim 1. Apathetic, lethargic 2. Submitting, conniving, passively 3. Co-operative, contributory (has part) 4. Provocative, instigative, soliciting (search out risky situations) Von Hentig pointed out that sometimes victims could act out and actually become an offender -> may depend on: age, predisposition, drug or alcohol abuse, and lack of self-confidence/ self- esteem Benjamin Mendelsohn (1900-1998)  Lawyer; 'father' of victimology  Surveyed victims and offenders before each case Found that victims and offenders very often knew each other   Law is concerned with the culpability of the offender  The more responsible the offender, the less culpable we consider the victim  Not all offenders assume responsibility for their action  The question of cupability of the victim becomes important Mendelsohn's victim typography 1. The completely innocent victim 2. Victims with minor guilt (tiny role) 3. The victim as guilty as the offender/ voluntary victim 4. Victim is more guilty than the offender (victim picks a fight) 5. Most guilty victim 6. Simulating or imaginary victim Stephen Schafer (1911-1976)  More focus on the victim; 'The Victim and his Criminal' (1968)  The victim's responsibility is to prevent a choice of action that will result in criminal behaviour  Stresses victim culpability and victim responsibility Victim Precipitation (or victim-blaming or victim facilitation)  Victim could control aspects of his or her victimization/shared responsibility between the offender and the victim  This is a very different notion than Von Hentig who suggested that there are born victims just as there are born criminals Marvin Wolfgang (1924-1998)  Patterns in Criminal Homicide (1958)  Studied 588 homicides from 1948-1952  26% of cases, the victim played a role in the cause of the homicide  "victim-precipitated homicide" o Offence was often the result of a minor disagreement , male to male  Victim in the subsample often had a previous criminal conviction
More Less

Related notes for SOC 201

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.