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Week 11 Reading.docx

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Department
History
Course
HIST 103
Professor
Jeffrey Byrne
Semester
Winter

Description
Refer map at 161 [Week 11 Terms] Operation Barbarossa (1941) - the plan to invade USSR the following May  Hitler dishonoured the Nazi-Soviet Pact (1939- 1941) - Stalin signed a non-aggression pact with the Japanese - blitzkrieg: a tactic to attack the Soviet Union before winter comes which could make Hitler’s military plan difficult - Hitler was able to attack most of the Soviet troops  General Winter came, hence impeding Hitler’s military plan  German troops were unprepared - Soviet Union retaliated  led to Germans’ losses - during the course of this event, Stalin was given a lot of warning about German’s plan to attack the Soviet - Hitler has been eyeing the resources possessed by the Russian - all communist government officials captured during Operation Barbarossa are executed in order to destroy the political infrastructure of the Soviet state - halt due to Operation Barbarossa caused the Germans to revise their Jewish extermination programme Battle of Stalingrad, September 1942-January 1943  marked the turning point during WWII - Occurred after the Operation Barbarossa - The city was named after Stalin  the city is the central of communication - German troops need to advance because they want to secure the supply of oil - German moves towards this city and threatened to severe the Soviet’s linking to their fuel sources in Caucasus which are the railway and river connections - but the Soviet’s defence was numerically superior + had to face the winter  German’s General Friedrich requested to retreat  Hitler refused  as a result half a million armies died  the German troops didn’t have enough manpower to continue with the battle  German lost in the battle - in the same year, 2/3 of Soviet’s territory under the Germans were liberated by the Red Army (belongs to the Soviet) Hitler’s “New Order” in Europe (June 1940 – 1941) - The idea of colonizing Eastern Europe for the German people - an example of racial ideology  Hitler exterminates the Slavs, the Jews  wanted to create an Aryan race  to control the whole Europe  Mein Kampf (Hitler’s sketch about taking control over Europe) The “Hunger Plan” - Hitler’s plan to kill the Jews  it is said to be similar to Stalin’s Great Purge but they had different purposes  Hitler: with the aim to kill the Jews while Stalin: with the aim to win the war The “Final Solution” - referring to the plan to exterminate the Jews - this caused millions of Jews to be tortured  gassing, shot, made slave etc - to disintegrate Germany politically as it had caused two great wars in less than 30 years - separating Germany from its industrial heartland in the Rhineland-Westphalia region and from establishing a central European federation (German-Austria-Hungary) Refer map at 161 The Great Patriotic War - refers to Russia’s war against Germany  after Operation Barbarossa  proceeded with Battle of Stalingrad [Chapter 5: Germany’s Second Bid for European Dominance (1939-1945) The Outbrea
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