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Psychology 320 lecture 30.docx

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University of British Columbia
PSYC 320
Sunaina Assanand

Psychology 320 lecture 30 6 universal emotions that everyone experience no matter what the culture: happiness, surprise, fear, sadness, anger, and disgust No sex differences in all feelings and shame in simon and nath, 2004 Differences occur in positive feelings (including calm and excitement) and negative feelings include anxiety and sadness (women are reporting more negative feelings overall whereas males are reporting more positive feelings overall) It was found that the reason for negative emotions with females is because of their low economic status. When parental status was taken account the gender differences were taken away Sex differences in the intensity of emotion: Diener 1985: engaged in investigation in affect intensity and whether or not there are sex differences. It was found that there are sex differences with how intensely males and females reported their emotions—also age effects were found Overall, women scored higher than males suggesting that females experience emotion more intensely Affect intensity gradually decreases with age Some have argued that these findings are artefacts of the methodology of the study and that the differences in it are in regards to gender and not sex. The differences are a consequence of the methodology we use (self report measures—there might be socially desirability when answering questions, they may be answering questions based only on the past week). Men and women may encode their emotional experienc
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