SOCI1513 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Core Countries, Periphery Countries, Neocolonialism

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1 Aug 2016
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Lecture 9
Historically, sociologists have tended to focus their work
on individual countries, studying the social processes and
structures within a single country.
Some current scholars criticize that approach as
"Methodological nationalism" because it fails to consider
the global connections and patterns that shape local and
national situations.
Sociology has traditionally focused on Western societies,
but has recently expanded its focus to non-Western
societies.
These shifts illustrate the fact that it is no longer possible
to study social life without thinking globally.
Contemporary societies have become so porous and
interconnected that to ignore the global patterns would
be to present an incomplete picture of any social
situation.
Global processes touch all corners of the world, including
this mall in Jakarta, Indonesia, where the fast-food
business model originating in the United States is now a
part of everyday life.
Thinking globally in sociology could entail a variety of
different approaches.
World systems theory stresses that the world system
should be the basic unit of social analysis.
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