PHIL 202-3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 21: Lotus Sutra, Taoism, Kojiki

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20 May 2018
School
Department
PHIL 202
Ch. 11 Japanese Traditions (pt. 1)
Japanese Religions
General principles:
o Close relationships with deities (kami) of the natural world and spirits of the
ancestors
o Dynamic of reciprocity
o When balance is disturbed, rituals are used to restore
Shinto: the way of the kami
Buddhism
The Rousing Drum
Procession of the drum through the streets
o “tarts at the ity’s ai “hito shrie
o Attaked y teas
Desried as a stea et
Represets the spirit of Furukaa
Persistent Themes
Religious elief takes a ak seat to religious atiity
o Taking action reduces anxiety
o Particular temples and shrines are associated with particular blessings
Word religio did ot oe ito Japaese util s
o Shukyo: fro teahigs kyo ad set shu)
Most traditions do not require adherence to one set of beliefs
Seeking Benefits
Central to most Japanese religious traditions is the pragmatic desire to secure benefits,
either in this world or in the next
Can go to a variety of places of worship, from those devoted to the Buddha to those of a
local kami
o Prayer and action take precedence
o Turig to the gods i a tie of troule
o Engage in rituals until desired outcome is obtained, or until efforts have failed
Seeking Benefits, cont’d
Diversity
o How does one decide?
o Image of a marketplace
Variables of time, place, and occasion
Different products
o Different rituals
o Appropriate assistance for the situation at hand
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Document Summary

Japanese religions: general principles, close relationships with deities (kami) of the natural world and spirits of the ancestors, dynamic of reciprocity, when balance is disturbed, rituals are used to restore, shinto: the way of the kami, buddhism. The rousing drum: procession of the drum through the streets, tarts at the (cid:272)ity"s (cid:373)ai(cid:374) hi(cid:374)to shri(cid:374)e, (cid:862)atta(cid:272)ked(cid:863) (cid:271)y tea(cid:373)s, des(cid:272)ri(cid:271)ed as a (cid:862)stea(cid:373) (cid:448)e(cid:374)t(cid:863, represe(cid:374)ts (cid:862)the spirit of furuka(cid:449)a(cid:863) Image of a marketplace: variables of time, place, and occasion, different products, different rituals, appropriate assistance for the situation at hand, reciprocal relationship, exchange of goods, for assistance, one shows gratitude and respect, and performs rituals. Life-energy is in the world: can align with this energy through worship of the kami, kami can be found all over the phenomenal world. In flowing water, rain, mountains, clouds, fire, earth, wind, animals: peaceful side = humans prosper, destructive side = must be appeased through ritual.

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