K EY TO C OMMON E RRORS (C OMMENTS )IN A FORMAL LAB R EPORT
General A- It is better to write in the active voice more often than the passive voice.
comments B- Write in complete sentences, not in point-form.
C- Taxonomic or scientific names of organisms ( Homo sapiens) must be underlined or written in
italics (Homo sapiens).
D- Be more concise.
E- References should be cited as explained in the introduction of your lab manual.
F- Please double-space all text.
G- Common names do not begin with a capital unless they are at the beginn ing of a sentence or in
H- You should provide a reference for this idea or statement.
Title I- Be more specific.
J- Too long.
K- Include the taxonomic name.
Abstract L- Certain parts of or the entireabstract are too long.
M- Write the abstract in the past tense.
N- Specifically state the purpose or objective of this study.
O- Briefly report the most important results in a quantitative way.
P- Briefly report the major conclusions of this study. How do they compare to your hypotheses
and those found in the literature?
Introduction Q- Specify the objective(s) of this study.
R- Hypotheses should be clear, testable and specific with respect to the goals of the experiments.
S- Hypotheses should be formulated before conducting the experiments, not according to the
T- Include other references from your review of the scientific literature. Your lab manual is not
U- Define the key words pertinent to your experiments.
V- Do not include methods in the introduction section.
Materials et W- Please do not rewrite the material and methods section of the lab manual. Cite the appropriate
X- Include modifications we made to the protocol.
Y- Do not include interpretations or explanations in this section.
Z- Please include a verbalization of the results (one or two paragraphs stating trends or patterns
shown by the graphs or tables. Graphs or tables alone are not sufficient.
AA- Do not place raw data in this section, put it into the appendix.
BB- Place the caption immediately below the graph.
CC- Axis divisions: maximum 5 tick marks, well labelled and no need for a broken axis.
DD- Data to ink ratio problem (n