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Lecture 4

CLA 2323 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Dyaus Pita, Minoan Civilization, Aegeus

Classical Studies
Course Code
CLA 2323
Efharis Kostala

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Intro to Course:
The Contextual Approach
Three gods that are friendly to humans (overlap in agricultural resources):
*valuable products to trade
Mediterranean Triad:
- Dionysus (male)
o Wine
o Grapes
- Athena (female)
o Wisdom
o Daughter of Athens?
o Gave an olive tree to Athens
o Goddess of technology weaving, ship building
- Demeter (female)
o Harvest
o Wheat
o Barle
Joey Ficocelli
Ted Malcomson
Lecture 1:
The Land of Greece
- Lots of mountains lining the side of Greece closest to Italy
- Islands are mountain tops (continuity from Greece to what is now known as Turkey (Asia
- Greek habitations in Western Turkey until 1922
- Greeks went to the sea to trade, fish, join the navy, etc.
- Reliance on the sea
o God of the sea Poseidon
o Man of the sea - Marius
o Protectors of the sea Athena, Aphrodite
- Types of land
o Only 20% is farm land
o 10% hillside
- Lack of food was always an issue in Greece
- Prime grain wheat, tastes good, hard to grow
- Often grew barley
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- Also often ate beans, peas, NOT meat (unless you were rich)
- Home of Gods - Mount Olympus
- Individual gods are associated with other mountains as well
- Nymphs semi divine, purity
- Mountains contained a lot of limestone
o Limestone can be a good building material (coating on a building)
o Compressed limestone marble (geologically)
o Natural limestone creates cave features
o Can be carved
o Zeus was born in a cave
o Greeks believed that there was an entrance to the underworld (through Cave
Tarma) in the Greek Peninsula Hell mouth)
- Ancient Greece and modern Greece have few lakes and rivers
o Not very many accessible pools of water
o Lack of water was an issue
o Mass migration was part of Greek history
- Climate
o Summer is too hot and dry, rain stops, hardly no vegetation left
o Winter is mild and rainy, can snow (like mid-April in Ottawa)
- Grain Harvest (opposite to Ottawa)
o sowed grain October
o germinated after
o harvest in May
o Praying to Zeus (thought this was part of their necessity of life) just as
important as sowing the grain
- Socrates was executed for going against the gods
- Animals
o Oxon was used to plow fields
o Sheep kept for wool, meat
o Pigs were kept in the city
o All domestic animals were good to eat
- Pg. 69 chart of all major gods and their attributes
- Items for trade
o Olives, barley, grapes
- What did the Egyptians have to offer?
o Wine
- Demetrius (human) comes from Demeter (god)
o Women would name their son after this god
- Could be a MIDTERM Q: Dionysius (human) comes from Dionysus (god)
o Dennis is commemorating Dionysus
- Spelling of Ancient Greece spell correctly on exams (use one form or the other)
o K (Greek form)
Kadmos (English form) Cadmus (Latin form)
Knossos (Major city on island of Crete English) Cnossus (Latin)
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